Völlmin, S (2010). Benefactives and malefactives in Gumer (Gurage). In: Zúñiga, F; Kittilä, S. Benefactives and malefactives: typological perspectives and case studies. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 317-330.
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Gumer (West-Gurage, South Ethiosemitic) has three suffixes to mark objects on the verb: ‘primary object’, ‘benefactive’, ‘malefactive/locative/instrumental’. BEN and MAL can occur with every verb to express in a rather broad sense that the event is ‘to one’s benefit’ or ‘to one’s detriment’. BEN covers the benefactive senses ‘recipient’, ‘deputative’, and ‘plain’. Generally, BEN and MAL express non-core participants. The three suffixes are mutually exclusive: if there are two concurring objects, the most salient candidate is chosen (which usually is BEN or MAL). Overt nominals BEN are marked with ye-, the same prefix that marks recipients. MAL are marked with ye- or be-. A construction with a subordinate form of barem ‘say’ (“saying for NP”) also expresses benefactives.
|Item Type:||Book Section, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Comparative Linguistics|
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||490 Other languages
890 Other literatures
|Deposited On:||17 May 2010 07:51|
|Last Modified:||04 Apr 2012 13:20|
|Series Name:||Typological Studies in Language|
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