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p24 as a predictor of mortality in a cohort of HIV-1-infected adults in rural Africa


Erikstrup, C; Kallestrup, P; Zinyama-Gutsire, R B; Gomo, E; Lüneborg-Nielsen, M; Gerstoft, J; Schüpbach, J; Ullum, H; Katzenstein, T L (2008). p24 as a predictor of mortality in a cohort of HIV-1-infected adults in rural Africa. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 48(3):345-349.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Implementation of antiretroviral treatment in sub-Saharan Africa requires efficient tools to monitor HIV patients. p24 measurements have been proposed as an alternative to HIV-RNA because of the low cost of reagents and equipment needed. Here, we evaluate p24 as a prognostic marker in a cohort of HIV-1-infected individuals in Zimbabwe. METHODS: Treatment-naive HIV-1-infected individuals (n=198) from the Mupfure Schistosomiasis and HIV Cohort were followed until death or censoring (3-4.3 years). At baseline, p24, HIV-RNA, CD4 cell counts, and clinical staging (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention classification) were assessed. RESULTS: p24 correlated with HIV-RNA (P<0.0001, R: 0.44). Ten percent of p24 but only 1% of HIV-RNA measurements was undetectable. p24 predicted Centers for Disease Control and Prevention category (P<0.001) stronger than CD4 count (P=0.34) in multivariate logistic regression. p24 predicted mortality in univariate Cox analysis (P<0.0001) and in multivariate analysis, but it was inferior to HIV-RNA and CD4 count. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to evaluate the prognostic strength of p24 in an area with a predominance of HIV subtype C infections. p24 correlated with HIV-RNA and predicted clinical stage better than CD4 count. It predicted mortality in both univariate and multivariate analysis, but in multivariate analysis, it was inferior to HIV-RNA and CD4 count.

BACKGROUND: Implementation of antiretroviral treatment in sub-Saharan Africa requires efficient tools to monitor HIV patients. p24 measurements have been proposed as an alternative to HIV-RNA because of the low cost of reagents and equipment needed. Here, we evaluate p24 as a prognostic marker in a cohort of HIV-1-infected individuals in Zimbabwe. METHODS: Treatment-naive HIV-1-infected individuals (n=198) from the Mupfure Schistosomiasis and HIV Cohort were followed until death or censoring (3-4.3 years). At baseline, p24, HIV-RNA, CD4 cell counts, and clinical staging (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention classification) were assessed. RESULTS: p24 correlated with HIV-RNA (P<0.0001, R: 0.44). Ten percent of p24 but only 1% of HIV-RNA measurements was undetectable. p24 predicted Centers for Disease Control and Prevention category (P<0.001) stronger than CD4 count (P=0.34) in multivariate logistic regression. p24 predicted mortality in univariate Cox analysis (P<0.0001) and in multivariate analysis, but it was inferior to HIV-RNA and CD4 count. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to evaluate the prognostic strength of p24 in an area with a predominance of HIV subtype C infections. p24 correlated with HIV-RNA and predicted clinical stage better than CD4 count. It predicted mortality in both univariate and multivariate analysis, but in multivariate analysis, it was inferior to HIV-RNA and CD4 count.

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6 citations in Web of Science®
6 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Virology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 July 2008
Deposited On:05 Sep 2008 15:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:26
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:1525-4135
Publisher DOI:10.1097/QAI.0b013e31817dc3d1
Official URL:http://www.jaids.org/pt/re/jaids/abstract.00126334-200807010-00015.htm
PubMed ID:18545150
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-3371

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