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Effects of long-term continuous positive airway pressure on body composition and IGF1


Münzer, T; Hegglin, A; Stannek, T; Schoch, O D; Korte, W; Büche, D; Schmid, C; Hürny, C (2010). Effects of long-term continuous positive airway pressure on body composition and IGF1. European Journal of Endocrinology, 162(4):695-704.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) ventilation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on body composition (BC) and IGF1. DESIGN: Observational study. SUBJECTS: Seventy-eight (11 females and 67 males) OSAS patients who were compliant with CPAP (age 51+/-1.1 years) participated in the study. We assessed body mass index (BMI), total body mass (TBM), total body fat (TBF; kg) and lean body mass (LBM; kg), abdominal subcutaneous (SC) and visceral (V) fat (cm(2)), and waist circumference (WC; cm) by magnetic resonance imaging, and IGF1 (ng/ml) before and after 7.8+/-1.3 months of CPAP use of an average of 5.9+/-1.2 h. RESULTS: Women had a higher BMI, WC; TBM, TBF, and more SC fat. Men had a higher LBM and more V fat. CPAP increased WC (+2.8+/-9.6 cm, P=0.02) and LBM (2.2+/-0.5 kg, P=0.006), but not IGF1. In men, CPAP increased BMI (0.5+/-0.2 kg/m(2), P=0.02), WC (1.7+/-6.9 cm, P=0.002), TBM (1.7+/-0.4 kg, P=0.0001), LBM (1.5+/-0.4 kg, P=0.0003), SC fat (12.9+/-5.1 cm(2), P=0.02), and IGF1 (13.6+/-4.2 ng/ml, P=0.002). Compliance with CPAP increased LBM in men aged <60 years, but not in those aged >60 years, and IGF1 increased in men aged 40-60 years only. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term CPAP increased LBM in both sexes and IGF1 in men, while fat mass remained unchanged, suggesting a sexually dimorphic response of IGF1 to CPAP. The role of the GH axis activity and age to this response is unclear. The metabolic consequences of changes in LBM are still to be determined. Future studies on the effects of CPAP on BC should include LBM as an outcome.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) ventilation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on body composition (BC) and IGF1. DESIGN: Observational study. SUBJECTS: Seventy-eight (11 females and 67 males) OSAS patients who were compliant with CPAP (age 51+/-1.1 years) participated in the study. We assessed body mass index (BMI), total body mass (TBM), total body fat (TBF; kg) and lean body mass (LBM; kg), abdominal subcutaneous (SC) and visceral (V) fat (cm(2)), and waist circumference (WC; cm) by magnetic resonance imaging, and IGF1 (ng/ml) before and after 7.8+/-1.3 months of CPAP use of an average of 5.9+/-1.2 h. RESULTS: Women had a higher BMI, WC; TBM, TBF, and more SC fat. Men had a higher LBM and more V fat. CPAP increased WC (+2.8+/-9.6 cm, P=0.02) and LBM (2.2+/-0.5 kg, P=0.006), but not IGF1. In men, CPAP increased BMI (0.5+/-0.2 kg/m(2), P=0.02), WC (1.7+/-6.9 cm, P=0.002), TBM (1.7+/-0.4 kg, P=0.0001), LBM (1.5+/-0.4 kg, P=0.0003), SC fat (12.9+/-5.1 cm(2), P=0.02), and IGF1 (13.6+/-4.2 ng/ml, P=0.002). Compliance with CPAP increased LBM in men aged <60 years, but not in those aged >60 years, and IGF1 increased in men aged 40-60 years only. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term CPAP increased LBM in both sexes and IGF1 in men, while fat mass remained unchanged, suggesting a sexually dimorphic response of IGF1 to CPAP. The role of the GH axis activity and age to this response is unclear. The metabolic consequences of changes in LBM are still to be determined. Future studies on the effects of CPAP on BC should include LBM as an outcome.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:17 May 2010 15:43
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:06
Publisher:BioScientifica Ltd
ISSN:0804-4643
Additional Information:Disclaimer. This is not the definitive version of record of this article. This manuscript has been accepted for publication in European Journal of Endocrinology, but the version presented here has not yet been copy edited, formatted or proofed. Consequently, the journal accepts no responsibility for any errors or omissions it may contain. The definitive version is now freely available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-09-0919. © 2010 European Society of Endocrinology.
Publisher DOI:10.1530/EJE-09-0919
PubMed ID:20118208
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-33779

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