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Tharus and Pahariyas in Chitawan: observations on the multi-ethnic constellation in southern Nepal


Müller-Böker, U (1997). Tharus and Pahariyas in Chitawan: observations on the multi-ethnic constellation in southern Nepal. In: Stellrecht, I; Winiger, M. Perspectives on history and change in the Karakorum, Hindukush, and Himalaya. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag, 157-169.

Abstract

Chitawan is often referred to as the "melting pot" of Nepal. An official analysis of language statistics (HMG 1993) has shown that a large number of different ethnic groups live in this southern district of Nepal, this being a rather recent development. Until the mid-20th century, the largest of the synclinal depressions in the Siwalik Range was sparsely populated. The forested, undeveloped Chitawan was a place of refuge for a group of Tharus who were probably expelled from India.
While talking to the Tharus about their topical situation, the following comment is inevitably made: "Satjugi - formerly everything used to be better! Since these Pahariyas fpahar = hill, mountain] have come to Chitawan, we have been doing badly!" Such statements not only point to the apparently discordant multi-ethnic constellation in Chitawan, they also provide evidence of ethnicity - a strong identification with one's own ethnic group.
Firstly, I would like to examine the past in relation to the present situation in Chitawan, which entails focusing on the historical development. In the following, the ethnic constellation and socio-economic situation of the dif- ferent groups will be dealt with so as to analyze the patterns characterizing the relationship between the Tharus and other ethnic groups.

Chitawan is often referred to as the "melting pot" of Nepal. An official analysis of language statistics (HMG 1993) has shown that a large number of different ethnic groups live in this southern district of Nepal, this being a rather recent development. Until the mid-20th century, the largest of the synclinal depressions in the Siwalik Range was sparsely populated. The forested, undeveloped Chitawan was a place of refuge for a group of Tharus who were probably expelled from India.
While talking to the Tharus about their topical situation, the following comment is inevitably made: "Satjugi - formerly everything used to be better! Since these Pahariyas fpahar = hill, mountain] have come to Chitawan, we have been doing badly!" Such statements not only point to the apparently discordant multi-ethnic constellation in Chitawan, they also provide evidence of ethnicity - a strong identification with one's own ethnic group.
Firstly, I would like to examine the past in relation to the present situation in Chitawan, which entails focusing on the historical development. In the following, the ethnic constellation and socio-economic situation of the dif- ferent groups will be dealt with so as to analyze the patterns characterizing the relationship between the Tharus and other ethnic groups.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:1997
Deposited On:11 May 2010 07:44
Last Modified:14 Sep 2016 13:43
Publisher:Rüdiger Köppe Verlag
Series Name:Culture area Karakorum scientific studies
Number:3
ISBN:3-89645-153-7
Official URL:http://www.koeppe.de/katalog/katalog_detail.php?ISBN=978-3-89645-153-8
Related URLs:http://www.recherche-portal.ch/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?fn=search&mode=Advanced&vid=ZAD&vl%28186672378UI0%29=isbn&vl%281UI0%29=contains&vl%28freeText0%29=3-89645-153-7
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-34029

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