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Nocturnal cerebral hemodynamics in snorers and in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a near-infrared spectroscopy study


Pizza, F; Biallas, M; Wolf, M; Werth, E; Bassetti, C L (2010). Nocturnal cerebral hemodynamics in snorers and in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a near-infrared spectroscopy study. Sleep, 33(2):205-210.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) of the obstructive type causes hemodynamic consequences, leading to an increased cerebrovascular risk. The severity of SDB at which detrimental circulatory consequences appear is matter of controversy. Aim of the present study is the investigation of cerebral hemodynamics in patients with SDB of variable severity using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). DESIGN: N/A. SETTING: Sleep laboratory. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen patients with SDB. INTERVENTIONS: N/A. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Patients underwent nocturnal videopolysomnography (VPSG) coupled with cerebral NIRS. NIRS data were averaged for each patient, and a new method (integral) was applied to quantify cerebral hemodynamic alterations. Nocturnal VPSG disclosed various severities of SDB: snoring (7 patients, apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] = 2 +/- 2/h, range: 0.5-4.5); mild SDB (7 patients, AHI = 14 +/- 8/h, range: 6.3-28.6); and severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (5 patients, AHI = 79 +/- 20/h, range: 39.6-92.9). Relative changes of NIRS parameters were significantly larger during obstructive apneas (compared with hypopneas; mean deoxygenated hemoglobin [HHb] change of 0.72 +/- 0.23 and 0.13 +/- 0.08 micromol/L per sec, p value = 0.048) and in patients with severe SDB (as compared with patients with mild SDB and simple snorers; mean HHb change of 0.84 +/- 0.24, 0.02 +/- 0.09, and 0.2 +/- 0.08 micromol/L per sec, respectively, p value = 0.020). In this group, NIRS and concomitant changes in peripheral oxygen saturation correlated. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that acute cerebral hemodynamic consequences of SDB lead to a failure of autoregulatory mechanisms with brain hypoxia only in the presence of frequent apneas (AHI > 30) and obstructive events.

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) of the obstructive type causes hemodynamic consequences, leading to an increased cerebrovascular risk. The severity of SDB at which detrimental circulatory consequences appear is matter of controversy. Aim of the present study is the investigation of cerebral hemodynamics in patients with SDB of variable severity using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). DESIGN: N/A. SETTING: Sleep laboratory. PATIENTS OR PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen patients with SDB. INTERVENTIONS: N/A. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Patients underwent nocturnal videopolysomnography (VPSG) coupled with cerebral NIRS. NIRS data were averaged for each patient, and a new method (integral) was applied to quantify cerebral hemodynamic alterations. Nocturnal VPSG disclosed various severities of SDB: snoring (7 patients, apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] = 2 +/- 2/h, range: 0.5-4.5); mild SDB (7 patients, AHI = 14 +/- 8/h, range: 6.3-28.6); and severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (5 patients, AHI = 79 +/- 20/h, range: 39.6-92.9). Relative changes of NIRS parameters were significantly larger during obstructive apneas (compared with hypopneas; mean deoxygenated hemoglobin [HHb] change of 0.72 +/- 0.23 and 0.13 +/- 0.08 micromol/L per sec, p value = 0.048) and in patients with severe SDB (as compared with patients with mild SDB and simple snorers; mean HHb change of 0.84 +/- 0.24, 0.02 +/- 0.09, and 0.2 +/- 0.08 micromol/L per sec, respectively, p value = 0.020). In this group, NIRS and concomitant changes in peripheral oxygen saturation correlated. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that acute cerebral hemodynamic consequences of SDB lead to a failure of autoregulatory mechanisms with brain hypoxia only in the presence of frequent apneas (AHI > 30) and obstructive events.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neonatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2010
Deposited On:26 May 2010 08:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:08
Publisher:Associated Professional Sleep Societies, LLC
ISSN:0161-8105
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
PubMed ID:20175404
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-34191

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