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Decreased UV sensitivity, mismatch repair activity and abnormal cell cycle checkpoints in skin cancer cell lines derived from UVB-irradiated XPA-deficient mice


Ichikawa, M; Nakane, H; Marra, G; Corti, C; Jiricny, J; Fitch, M; Ford, J M; Ikejima, M; Shimada, T; Yoshino, M; Takeuchi, S; Nakatsu, Y; Tanaka, K (2000). Decreased UV sensitivity, mismatch repair activity and abnormal cell cycle checkpoints in skin cancer cell lines derived from UVB-irradiated XPA-deficient mice. Mutation Research, 459(4):285-298.

Abstract

Xeroderma pigmentosum group A gene (XPA)-deficient mice are defective in nucleotide excision repair (NER) and are therefore highly sensitive to ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin carcinogenesis. We established cell lines from skin cancers of UVB-irradiated XPA-deficient mice to investigate the phenotypic changes occurring during skin carcinogenesis. As anticipated, the skin cancer cell lines were devoid of NER activity but were less sensitive to killing by UV-irradiation than the XPA(-/-) fibroblast cell line. The lines were also more resistant to 6-thioguanine (6-TG) than XPA(-/-) and XPA(+/+) fibroblasts, which was suggestive of a mismatch repair (MMR) defect. Indeed, in vitro mismatch binding and MMR activity were impaired in several of these cell lines. Moreover, these cell lines displayed cell cycle checkpoint derangements following UV-irradiation and 6-TG exposure. The above findings suggest that MMR downregulation may help cells escape killing by UVB, as was seen previously for methylating agents and cisplatin, and thus that MMR deficient clones are selected for during the tumorigenic transformation of XPA(-/-) cells.

Abstract

Xeroderma pigmentosum group A gene (XPA)-deficient mice are defective in nucleotide excision repair (NER) and are therefore highly sensitive to ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin carcinogenesis. We established cell lines from skin cancers of UVB-irradiated XPA-deficient mice to investigate the phenotypic changes occurring during skin carcinogenesis. As anticipated, the skin cancer cell lines were devoid of NER activity but were less sensitive to killing by UV-irradiation than the XPA(-/-) fibroblast cell line. The lines were also more resistant to 6-thioguanine (6-TG) than XPA(-/-) and XPA(+/+) fibroblasts, which was suggestive of a mismatch repair (MMR) defect. Indeed, in vitro mismatch binding and MMR activity were impaired in several of these cell lines. Moreover, these cell lines displayed cell cycle checkpoint derangements following UV-irradiation and 6-TG exposure. The above findings suggest that MMR downregulation may help cells escape killing by UVB, as was seen previously for methylating agents and cisplatin, and thus that MMR deficient clones are selected for during the tumorigenic transformation of XPA(-/-) cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2000
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 08:27
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:09
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0027-5107
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8777(00)00005-7
PubMed ID:10844242

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