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The chemokine receptor CXCR7 is expressed on lymphatic endothelial cells during renal allograft rejection


Neusser, M A; Kraus, A K; Regele, H; Cohen, C D; Fehr, T; Kerjaschki, D; Wüthrich, R P; Penfold, M E; Schall, T; Segerer, S (2010). The chemokine receptor CXCR7 is expressed on lymphatic endothelial cells during renal allograft rejection. Kidney International, 77(9):801-808.

Abstract

CXCR7 is an atypical receptor for the chemokines CXCL11 and CXCL12, which were found to be involved in animal models of allograft injury. We studied the expression of CXCR7 and its ligands in human kidneys by first quantifying the mRNA in 53 renal allograft biopsies. Receptor and ligand mRNAs were expressed in renal allografts, with a significant induction of CXCL11 and CXCL12 in biopsies showing borderline lesions and acute rejection. Immunohistochemical analysis for CXCR7 was performed in a series of 64 indication and 24 protocol biopsies. The indication biopsies included 46 acute rejections, 6 with interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy, and 12 pretransplant biopsies as controls. In control biopsies, CXCR7 protein was found on smooth muscle and on endothelial cells of a small number of peritubular vessels. The number of CXCR7-positive vessels was increased in acute rejection and, using double immunofluorescence labeling, a subset of these CXCR7-positive endothelial cells were identified as lymphatic vessels. Both CXCR7-positive blood and lymphatic vessels increased during allograft rejection. We found that CXCR7 is present in both blood and lymphatic endothelial cells in human renal allografts. Whether its presence modulates the formation of chemokine gradients and the recruitment of inflammatory cells will require further experimental studies.

Abstract

CXCR7 is an atypical receptor for the chemokines CXCL11 and CXCL12, which were found to be involved in animal models of allograft injury. We studied the expression of CXCR7 and its ligands in human kidneys by first quantifying the mRNA in 53 renal allograft biopsies. Receptor and ligand mRNAs were expressed in renal allografts, with a significant induction of CXCL11 and CXCL12 in biopsies showing borderline lesions and acute rejection. Immunohistochemical analysis for CXCR7 was performed in a series of 64 indication and 24 protocol biopsies. The indication biopsies included 46 acute rejections, 6 with interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy, and 12 pretransplant biopsies as controls. In control biopsies, CXCR7 protein was found on smooth muscle and on endothelial cells of a small number of peritubular vessels. The number of CXCR7-positive vessels was increased in acute rejection and, using double immunofluorescence labeling, a subset of these CXCR7-positive endothelial cells were identified as lymphatic vessels. Both CXCR7-positive blood and lymphatic vessels increased during allograft rejection. We found that CXCR7 is present in both blood and lymphatic endothelial cells in human renal allografts. Whether its presence modulates the formation of chemokine gradients and the recruitment of inflammatory cells will require further experimental studies.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2010
Deposited On:05 Jul 2010 20:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:09
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0085-2538
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2010.6
PubMed ID:20164826

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