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hMSH3 overexpression and cellular response to cytotoxic anticancer agents


Pepponi, R; Graziani, G; Falcinelli, S; Vernole, P; Levati, L; Lacal, P M; Pagani, E; Bonmassar, E; Jiricny, J; D'Atri, S (2001). hMSH3 overexpression and cellular response to cytotoxic anticancer agents. Carcinogenesis, 22(8):1131-1137.

Abstract

Mutations or transcriptional silencing of mismatch repair genes have been linked with tumour cell resistance to O(6)-guanine methylating agents, 6-thioguanine, cisplatin, doxorubicin and etoposide. Recently, it has been demonstrated that overexpression of the MSH3 protein is associated with depletion of the mismatch binding factor MutSalpha, and then with a marked reduction in the efficiency of base/base mismatch repair. In the present study we evaluated sensitivity of the HL-60 cell line and its methotrexate-resistant subline HL-60R, which overexpresses the hMSH3 gene, to a panel of chemotherapeutic agents. Cell growth inhibition induced by temozolomide, 6-thioguanine and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine was significantly lower in the hMSH3-overexpressing HL-60R cell line as compared with the HL-60 parental line. Moreover, HL-60R cells were more resistant than HL-60 cells to chromosome aberrations induced by either N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine or temozolomide, and to apoptosis triggered by the latter drug. Both cell lines were equally susceptible to growth inhibition induced by cisplatin, etoposide or doxorubicin. In addition, HL-60 and HL-60R cells showed comparable sensitivity to the clastogenic and apoptotic effects of cisplatin and etoposide. These results further confirm that loss of base/base mismatch repair is the most important molecular mechanism involved in cell resistance to O(6)-guanine methylating agents and 6-thioguanine. However, the status of the mismatch repair system could still influence tumour cell sensitivity to cisplatin, etoposide and doxorubicin, depending on the specific component of the system that is lost, and on the genetic background of the cell.

Mutations or transcriptional silencing of mismatch repair genes have been linked with tumour cell resistance to O(6)-guanine methylating agents, 6-thioguanine, cisplatin, doxorubicin and etoposide. Recently, it has been demonstrated that overexpression of the MSH3 protein is associated with depletion of the mismatch binding factor MutSalpha, and then with a marked reduction in the efficiency of base/base mismatch repair. In the present study we evaluated sensitivity of the HL-60 cell line and its methotrexate-resistant subline HL-60R, which overexpresses the hMSH3 gene, to a panel of chemotherapeutic agents. Cell growth inhibition induced by temozolomide, 6-thioguanine and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine was significantly lower in the hMSH3-overexpressing HL-60R cell line as compared with the HL-60 parental line. Moreover, HL-60R cells were more resistant than HL-60 cells to chromosome aberrations induced by either N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine or temozolomide, and to apoptosis triggered by the latter drug. Both cell lines were equally susceptible to growth inhibition induced by cisplatin, etoposide or doxorubicin. In addition, HL-60 and HL-60R cells showed comparable sensitivity to the clastogenic and apoptotic effects of cisplatin and etoposide. These results further confirm that loss of base/base mismatch repair is the most important molecular mechanism involved in cell resistance to O(6)-guanine methylating agents and 6-thioguanine. However, the status of the mismatch repair system could still influence tumour cell sensitivity to cisplatin, etoposide and doxorubicin, depending on the specific component of the system that is lost, and on the genetic background of the cell.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2001
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 13:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:09
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0143-3334
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/carcin/22.8.1131
Official URL:http://carcin.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/22/8/1131
PubMed ID:11470740
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-34475

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