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Non-hybrid offspring from matings between hemiclonal hybrid waterfrogs suggest occasional recombination between clonal genomes.


Vorburger, C (2001). Non-hybrid offspring from matings between hemiclonal hybrid waterfrogs suggest occasional recombination between clonal genomes. Ecology Letters, 4(6):628-636.

Abstract

The hemiclonal waterfrog Rana esculenta, a hybrid between R. ridibunda and R. lessonae, eliminates the lessonae genome from the germline and clonally transmits the ridibunda genome (hybridogenesis). Such genomes are prone to accumulate deleterious mutations, which may explain why offspring from matings between hybrids are typically inviable. Here I present field data from a population for which experimental crossings showed that some R. esculenta pairs produce viable R. ridibunda offspring. I demonstrate: (1) that R. ridibunda metamorphs are also produced and survive under natural conditions; (2) that their genotypes are consistent with combinations of clonal ridibunda genomes found in hybrids; and (3) that all R. ridibunda are female. These females possibly recombine the clonal genomes they inherited and, upon mating with syntopic R. lessonae, produce new hemiclones with novel combinations of alleles. Hence, occasional recombination between otherwise clonal ridibunda genomes seems plausible and may provide an escape from the evolutionary dead end they were proposed to be trapped in.

Abstract

The hemiclonal waterfrog Rana esculenta, a hybrid between R. ridibunda and R. lessonae, eliminates the lessonae genome from the germline and clonally transmits the ridibunda genome (hybridogenesis). Such genomes are prone to accumulate deleterious mutations, which may explain why offspring from matings between hybrids are typically inviable. Here I present field data from a population for which experimental crossings showed that some R. esculenta pairs produce viable R. ridibunda offspring. I demonstrate: (1) that R. ridibunda metamorphs are also produced and survive under natural conditions; (2) that their genotypes are consistent with combinations of clonal ridibunda genomes found in hybrids; and (3) that all R. ridibunda are female. These females possibly recombine the clonal genomes they inherited and, upon mating with syntopic R. lessonae, produce new hemiclones with novel combinations of alleles. Hence, occasional recombination between otherwise clonal ridibunda genomes seems plausible and may provide an escape from the evolutionary dead end they were proposed to be trapped in.

Citations

24 citations in Web of Science®
22 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Language:English
Date:2001
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:14
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:13
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1461-023X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1461-0248.2001.00272.x

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