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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-34768

Wittmann, L; Zehnder, D; Schredl, M; Jenni, O G; Landolt, M A (2010). Posttraumatic nightmares and psychopathology in children after road traffic accidents. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(2):232-239.

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Posttraumatic nightmares are considered as a reexperiencing symptom of the DSM-IV posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis. Different types of posttraumatic nightmares, however, may differ in their relation to psychopathology. Thirty-two children were longitudinally assessed 10 days, 2 months, and 6 months after traffic accidents. Occurrence and characteristics of nightmares were examined and their relation to psychopathology assessed. Thirty-four percent of children reported posttraumatic nightmares during at least one assessment. Exact replicative nightmares at baseline assessment predicted PTSD symptoms 2 and 6 months postaccident, but not depressive symptoms. Exact replicative nightmares revealed the strongest cross-sectional association with trauma-specific psychopathology but not with depression. The authors conclude that posttraumatic nightmares--especially exact replicative ones--may be closely related to psychopathological mechanisms of posttraumatic stress in children.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:15 Jul 2010 06:27
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 22:19
Additional Information:This is a preprint of an article published in Journal of Traumatic Stress 2010, 23(2):232-239.
Publisher DOI:10.1002/jts.20514
PubMed ID:20419731
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 7
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Scopus®. Citation Count: 8

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