UZH-Logo

Size, shape and age-related changes of the mandibular condyle during childhood


Karlo, C A; Stolzmann, P; Habernig, S; Müller, L; Saurenmann, T; Kellenberger, C J (2010). Size, shape and age-related changes of the mandibular condyle during childhood. European Radiology, 20(10):2512-2517.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine age-related differences in the size and shape of the mandibular condyle in children to establish anatomical reference values. METHODS: A total of 420 mandibular condyles in 210 children (mean age, 7 years) were retrospectively analysed by using computed tomography (CT) imaging. The greatest left-right (LRD) and anterior-posterior (APD) diameters and the anteversion angles (AA) were measured by two readers. An APD/LRD ratio was calculated. The shape of the condyles was graded into three types on sagittal images. Correlations of parameters with the children's age were assessed by using Pearson's correlation analyses. RESULTS: The LRD (mean, 14.1 +/- 2.4 mm), APD (mean, 7.3 +/- 1.0 mm) and LRD/APD ratio (mean, 1.9 +/- 0.3) increased (r (LRD) = 0.70, p < 0.01; r (APD) = 0.56, p < 0.01; r (rat) = 0.28, p < 0.01) while the AA (mean, 27 +/- 7 degrees ) decreased significantly (r (antang) = -0.26, p < 0.001) with age. The condylar shape as determined on sagittal images correlated significantly with age (r = 0.69, p < 0.05). Boys had significantly higher anteversion angles (p < 0.01), greater LRDs (p < 0.05) and greater mean ratios (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The mandibular condyle is subject to significant age-related changes in size and shape during childhood. As the size of the condyles increases with age, the anteversion angles decrease and the shape of the condyle turns from round to oval.

OBJECTIVE: To determine age-related differences in the size and shape of the mandibular condyle in children to establish anatomical reference values. METHODS: A total of 420 mandibular condyles in 210 children (mean age, 7 years) were retrospectively analysed by using computed tomography (CT) imaging. The greatest left-right (LRD) and anterior-posterior (APD) diameters and the anteversion angles (AA) were measured by two readers. An APD/LRD ratio was calculated. The shape of the condyles was graded into three types on sagittal images. Correlations of parameters with the children's age were assessed by using Pearson's correlation analyses. RESULTS: The LRD (mean, 14.1 +/- 2.4 mm), APD (mean, 7.3 +/- 1.0 mm) and LRD/APD ratio (mean, 1.9 +/- 0.3) increased (r (LRD) = 0.70, p < 0.01; r (APD) = 0.56, p < 0.01; r (rat) = 0.28, p < 0.01) while the AA (mean, 27 +/- 7 degrees ) decreased significantly (r (antang) = -0.26, p < 0.001) with age. The condylar shape as determined on sagittal images correlated significantly with age (r = 0.69, p < 0.05). Boys had significantly higher anteversion angles (p < 0.01), greater LRDs (p < 0.05) and greater mean ratios (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The mandibular condyle is subject to significant age-related changes in size and shape during childhood. As the size of the condyles increases with age, the anteversion angles decrease and the shape of the condyle turns from round to oval.

Citations

10 citations in Web of Science®
11 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

802 downloads since deposited on 15 Jul 2010
167 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:15 Jul 2010 08:49
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:11
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0938-7994
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00330-010-1828-1
PubMed ID:20559836
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-34842

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations