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Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with low, intermediate, and high cardiovascular risk


Husmann, L; Schepis, T; Scheffel, H; Gaemperli, O; Leschka, S; Valenta, I; Koepfli, P; Desbiolles, L; Stolzmann, P; Marincek, B; Alkadhi, H; Kaufmann, P A (2008). Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomography coronary angiography in patients with low, intermediate, and high cardiovascular risk. Academic Radiology, 15(4):452-461.

Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) in groups of patients with low, intermediate, and high risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this study; written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Eighty-eight consecutive patients with suspected CAD (40 women; mean age, 64.3 +/- 9.4 years; range, 39-82) underwent CTCA, calcium scoring, and invasive coronary angiography and were grouped according to their Framingham 10-year risk for hard coronary events into low (<10%), intermediate (10%-20%), and high (>20%) risk categories. Significant stenoses (luminal diameter narrowing > or =50%) were assessed on an intention-to-diagnose-basis; no coronary segment was excluded and nonevaluative segments were rated false positive. To determine differences between groups, Kruskal-Wallis tests were performed for individually determined values of diagnostic performance. RESULTS: Per-patient sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive, and positive predictive values were 90.0%, 79.2%, 95.0%, and 64.3%, respectively, with low (n = 34), 87.5%, 92.3%, 85.7%, and 93.3%, respectively, with intermediate (n = 29), and 100%, 75.0%, 100%, and 89.5%, respectively, with high risk (n = 25), with a trend toward higher positive predictive value (P = .07). Per-segment negative predictive value was lower with high pretest probability (P < .01). Mean calcium-score units were 90, 220, and 312 (P = .23), and the prevalence of CAD was 29.4%, 55.2%, and 68.0% (P < .01) with low, intermediate, and high risk. CONCLUSION: Sensitivity and specificity of CTCA are not influenced by the prevalence of CAD, whereas the negative predictive value is lower and the positive predictive value tends to be higher in patients with a high prevalence of CAD.

Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) in groups of patients with low, intermediate, and high risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) events. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved this study; written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Eighty-eight consecutive patients with suspected CAD (40 women; mean age, 64.3 +/- 9.4 years; range, 39-82) underwent CTCA, calcium scoring, and invasive coronary angiography and were grouped according to their Framingham 10-year risk for hard coronary events into low (<10%), intermediate (10%-20%), and high (>20%) risk categories. Significant stenoses (luminal diameter narrowing > or =50%) were assessed on an intention-to-diagnose-basis; no coronary segment was excluded and nonevaluative segments were rated false positive. To determine differences between groups, Kruskal-Wallis tests were performed for individually determined values of diagnostic performance. RESULTS: Per-patient sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive, and positive predictive values were 90.0%, 79.2%, 95.0%, and 64.3%, respectively, with low (n = 34), 87.5%, 92.3%, 85.7%, and 93.3%, respectively, with intermediate (n = 29), and 100%, 75.0%, 100%, and 89.5%, respectively, with high risk (n = 25), with a trend toward higher positive predictive value (P = .07). Per-segment negative predictive value was lower with high pretest probability (P < .01). Mean calcium-score units were 90, 220, and 312 (P = .23), and the prevalence of CAD was 29.4%, 55.2%, and 68.0% (P < .01) with low, intermediate, and high risk. CONCLUSION: Sensitivity and specificity of CTCA are not influenced by the prevalence of CAD, whereas the negative predictive value is lower and the positive predictive value tends to be higher in patients with a high prevalence of CAD.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2008
Deposited On:26 Sep 2008 09:21
Last Modified:13 Sep 2016 07:29
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1076-6332
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2007.12.008
PubMed ID:18342770

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