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The Werner syndrome protein is required for recruitment of chromatin assembly factor 1 following DNA damage


Jiao, R; Harrigan, J A; Shevelev, I; Dietschy, T; Selak, N; Indig, F E; Piotrowski, J; Janscak, P; Bohr, V A; Stagljar, I (2007). The Werner syndrome protein is required for recruitment of chromatin assembly factor 1 following DNA damage. Oncogene, 26(26):3811-3822.

Abstract

The Werner syndrome protein (WRN) and chromatin assembly factor 1 (CAF-1) are both involved in the maintenance of genome stability. In response to DNA-damaging signals, both of these proteins relocate to sites where DNA synthesis occurs. However, the interaction between WRN and CAF-1 has not yet been investigated. In this report, we show that WRN interacts physically with the largest subunit of CAF-1, hp150, in vitro and in vivo. Although hp150 does not alter WRN catalytic activities in vitro, and the chromatin assembly activity of CAF-1 is not affected in the absence of WRN in vivo, this interaction may have an important role during the cellular response to DNA replication fork blockage and/or DNA damage signals. In hp150 RNA-mediated interference (RNAi) knockdown cells, WRN partially formed foci following hydroxyurea (HU) treatment. However, in the absence of WRN, hp150 did not relocate to form foci following exposure to HU and ultraviolet light. Thus, our results demonstrate that WRN responds to DNA damage before CAF-1 and suggest that WRN may recruit CAF-1, via interaction with hp150, to DNA damage sites during DNA synthesis.

The Werner syndrome protein (WRN) and chromatin assembly factor 1 (CAF-1) are both involved in the maintenance of genome stability. In response to DNA-damaging signals, both of these proteins relocate to sites where DNA synthesis occurs. However, the interaction between WRN and CAF-1 has not yet been investigated. In this report, we show that WRN interacts physically with the largest subunit of CAF-1, hp150, in vitro and in vivo. Although hp150 does not alter WRN catalytic activities in vitro, and the chromatin assembly activity of CAF-1 is not affected in the absence of WRN in vivo, this interaction may have an important role during the cellular response to DNA replication fork blockage and/or DNA damage signals. In hp150 RNA-mediated interference (RNAi) knockdown cells, WRN partially formed foci following hydroxyurea (HU) treatment. However, in the absence of WRN, hp150 did not relocate to form foci following exposure to HU and ultraviolet light. Thus, our results demonstrate that WRN responds to DNA damage before CAF-1 and suggest that WRN may recruit CAF-1, via interaction with hp150, to DNA damage sites during DNA synthesis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:16 Jul 2010 10:00
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:11
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0950-9232
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1210150
PubMed ID:17173071
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-34934

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