UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Wider die öffentliche Ordnung und die guten Sitten – Eine Annäherung an die japanische Generalklausel aus europäischer Perspektive


Hotz, Sandra (2008). Wider die öffentliche Ordnung und die guten Sitten – Eine Annäherung an die japanische Generalklausel aus europäischer Perspektive. Zeitschrift für Japanisches Recht, 13(25):105-129.

Abstract

The article outlines what kind of contents and circumstances of contracts are against “public order and good morals” according to Japanese contract law (Art. 90 Minpô)while examining the history of reception, the terms, the dogmatic understanding, and selected examples of contracts. From a dogmatic point of view, the historically laid interaction between Art. 90 and Art. 91 Minpô (private autonomy) is still interesting: here is no general rule for “illegality” of a contract in the Japanese civil code as there is in the German or Swiss civil codes (§ 134 BGB, Art. 19 f. OR). Therefore, there are differences in the relation of illegality and immorality. Furthermore, it is controversial whether the violation of “public coercive law” is covered by Art. 90 Minpô or by Art. 91
Minpô. In questions of terms, the definition of “public order” (öffentliche Ordnung) is problematic. From a comparative view, this term and other “orders” such as the
“family order” or the “economic order” seem much more important in Japanese law than the term “good morals”. According to Japanese doctrine, though, the terms cannot
be distinguished. One can examine not only legal ifferences but also cultural differences with selected examples of contracts – such as the prostitution contract or two other related and classical examples of Japanese jurisdiction, gei shôgi keiyaku, the contract of surety with dependants, more precisely with employees at bars, or the surrogate mother contract. Overall in Japan as well as in Germany and Switzerland, one can observe a tendency to restrain the private autonomy in contracts in favor of the idea of justice, and therefore also for the extension of Art. 90 Minpô. Two civil law theories – one by Atsushi Ômura, who has developed a theory based on thoughts about justice, and one by Keizô Yamamoto, who links Art. 90 Minpô with an interpretation according to constitutional rights – offer the necessary theoretical foundations. On the other hand, there is a bias toward neglecting the contractual right of self-determination of adult women when it comes to prostitution or surrogate motherhood.

The article outlines what kind of contents and circumstances of contracts are against “public order and good morals” according to Japanese contract law (Art. 90 Minpô)while examining the history of reception, the terms, the dogmatic understanding, and selected examples of contracts. From a dogmatic point of view, the historically laid interaction between Art. 90 and Art. 91 Minpô (private autonomy) is still interesting: here is no general rule for “illegality” of a contract in the Japanese civil code as there is in the German or Swiss civil codes (§ 134 BGB, Art. 19 f. OR). Therefore, there are differences in the relation of illegality and immorality. Furthermore, it is controversial whether the violation of “public coercive law” is covered by Art. 90 Minpô or by Art. 91
Minpô. In questions of terms, the definition of “public order” (öffentliche Ordnung) is problematic. From a comparative view, this term and other “orders” such as the
“family order” or the “economic order” seem much more important in Japanese law than the term “good morals”. According to Japanese doctrine, though, the terms cannot
be distinguished. One can examine not only legal ifferences but also cultural differences with selected examples of contracts – such as the prostitution contract or two other related and classical examples of Japanese jurisdiction, gei shôgi keiyaku, the contract of surety with dependants, more precisely with employees at bars, or the surrogate mother contract. Overall in Japan as well as in Germany and Switzerland, one can observe a tendency to restrain the private autonomy in contracts in favor of the idea of justice, and therefore also for the extension of Art. 90 Minpô. Two civil law theories – one by Atsushi Ômura, who has developed a theory based on thoughts about justice, and one by Keizô Yamamoto, who links Art. 90 Minpô with an interpretation according to constitutional rights – offer the necessary theoretical foundations. On the other hand, there is a bias toward neglecting the contractual right of self-determination of adult women when it comes to prostitution or surrogate motherhood.

Downloads

218 downloads since deposited on 01 Oct 2010
54 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:02 Faculty of Law > Institute of Legal Sciences > Civil Law
08 University Research Priority Programs > Asia and Europe
Dewey Decimal Classification:950 History of Asia
340 Law
180 Ancient, medieval & eastern philosophy
Date:2008
Deposited On:01 Oct 2010 12:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:11
Publisher:Deutsch-Japanische Juristenvereinigung
ISSN:1431-5726
Official URL:http://www.djjv.org/Deutsch/archiv.htm
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-35026

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations