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Feeding browse to large zoo herbivores. How much is “a lot”, how much is “sufficient”?


Clauss, Marcus; Kienzle, Ellen; Wiesner, Henning (2003). Feeding browse to large zoo herbivores. How much is “a lot”, how much is “sufficient”? In: Fidgett, Andrea L; Clauss, Marcus; Ganslosser, Udo; Hatt, Jean-Michel; Nijboer, Joeke. Zoo animal nutrition Vol. II. Fürth: Filander, 17-25.

Abstract

Diet evaluations in captive browsers are often confounded by the fact that the amount of browse offered is difficult to quantify, especially if whole branches are fed. For a diet survey in captive moose (Alces alces), we established correlations between the diameter at point of cutting of a branch and the amount of foliage and edible twigs on it. Nine different species of trees were investigated. The correlations were allometric, and highly significant. For all tree species combined, e.g., the correlations of the total weight of a branch (y1) and the weight of its leaves (y2) with the diameter at point of cutting (x) were y1= 0.84 x1.94 and y2= 0.48 x2.48, respectively. Given the according equations, it was only necessary to measure the diameter of the branches fed in the institutions that participated in the diet survey. Examples are given for diet evaluations based on the estimation of edible browse derived from the equations.

Diet evaluations in captive browsers are often confounded by the fact that the amount of browse offered is difficult to quantify, especially if whole branches are fed. For a diet survey in captive moose (Alces alces), we established correlations between the diameter at point of cutting of a branch and the amount of foliage and edible twigs on it. Nine different species of trees were investigated. The correlations were allometric, and highly significant. For all tree species combined, e.g., the correlations of the total weight of a branch (y1) and the weight of its leaves (y2) with the diameter at point of cutting (x) were y1= 0.84 x1.94 and y2= 0.48 x2.48, respectively. Given the according equations, it was only necessary to measure the diameter of the branches fed in the institutions that participated in the diet survey. Examples are given for diet evaluations based on the estimation of edible browse derived from the equations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:31 Mar 2009 15:20
Last Modified:07 Sep 2016 08:42
Publisher:Filander
Series Name:Zoological Library
ISBN:978-3-930831-51-7
Related URLs:http://www.filander.de/ (Publisher)
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-3516

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