UZH-Logo

Erosion and abrasion of tooth-colored restorative materials and human ename


Yu, H. Erosion and abrasion of tooth-colored restorative materials and human ename. 2010, University of Zurich, Faculty of Medicine.

Abstract

Abstract:
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of erosion and toothbrush abrasion on different restorative materials and human enamel.
Methods: Human enamel and 5 kinds of tooth-colored restorative materials were used. The restorative materials included three composite resins (Filtek Silorane, Tetric EvoCeram, and Tetric EvoFlow), a polyacid-modified composite (Dyract Extra), and a conventional glass-ionomer cement (Ketac Fil Plus). For each type of the material, 40 specimens were prepared and embedded in ceramic moulds and divided into four groups (n = 10): control group (C), erosion group (E), abrasion group (A), and erosion–abrasion group (EA). The specimens were subjected to six daily erosive attacks (groups E and EA; citric acid, pH 2.3, 1 min) and/or six abrasive attacks (groups A and EA; toothbrush abrasion, 100 strokes, 1 min), while the control specimens (group C) were maintained in artificial saliva. After 10-day treatment, the substance loss and surface changes were determined by surface profilometry and scanning electron microscopy.
Results: Human enamel presented higher substance loss when compared to restorative materials. Generally, combined erosion–abrasion (EA) caused the highest substance loss, followed by erosion, abrasion, and storage in artificial saliva. Composite resin presented highest durability under erosive and/or abrasive attacks. Enamel and restorative materials showed degradation in groups E and EA through SEM observation.
Conclusions: Toothbrush abrasion has a synergistic effect with erosion on substance loss of human enamel, polyacid-modified composite and glass-ionomer cement. The acid- and abrasive-resistance of human enamel was lower compared to restorative materials.

Abstract:
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of erosion and toothbrush abrasion on different restorative materials and human enamel.
Methods: Human enamel and 5 kinds of tooth-colored restorative materials were used. The restorative materials included three composite resins (Filtek Silorane, Tetric EvoCeram, and Tetric EvoFlow), a polyacid-modified composite (Dyract Extra), and a conventional glass-ionomer cement (Ketac Fil Plus). For each type of the material, 40 specimens were prepared and embedded in ceramic moulds and divided into four groups (n = 10): control group (C), erosion group (E), abrasion group (A), and erosion–abrasion group (EA). The specimens were subjected to six daily erosive attacks (groups E and EA; citric acid, pH 2.3, 1 min) and/or six abrasive attacks (groups A and EA; toothbrush abrasion, 100 strokes, 1 min), while the control specimens (group C) were maintained in artificial saliva. After 10-day treatment, the substance loss and surface changes were determined by surface profilometry and scanning electron microscopy.
Results: Human enamel presented higher substance loss when compared to restorative materials. Generally, combined erosion–abrasion (EA) caused the highest substance loss, followed by erosion, abrasion, and storage in artificial saliva. Composite resin presented highest durability under erosive and/or abrasive attacks. Enamel and restorative materials showed degradation in groups E and EA through SEM observation.
Conclusions: Toothbrush abrasion has a synergistic effect with erosion on substance loss of human enamel, polyacid-modified composite and glass-ionomer cement. The acid- and abrasive-resistance of human enamel was lower compared to restorative materials.

Additional indexing

Item Type:Dissertation
Referees:Attin T, Buchalla W
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:27 Jul 2010 14:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:12
Additional Information:Yu, Hao. - Erosion and abrasion of tooth-colored restorative materials and human enamel.- Zürich, 2010 Standort: UZZMK. Signatur: ZZMK PPKD 223; Sonderdruck aus: Journal of Dentistry. Vol. 37, no. 12, 2009, pp. 913-22
Official URL:https://biblio.unizh.ch/F/?local_base=UZH01&con_lng=GER&func=find-b&find_code=SYS&request=001908430
Related URLs:https://www.zora.uzh.ch/24097/

Download

Full text not available from this repository.

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations