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Zurich Open Repository and Archive 

Yu, H. Erosion and abrasion of tooth-colored restorative materials and human ename. 2010, University of Zurich, Faculty of Medicine.

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Abstract

Abstract:
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of erosion and toothbrush abrasion on different restorative materials and human enamel.
Methods: Human enamel and 5 kinds of tooth-colored restorative materials were used. The restorative materials included three composite resins (Filtek Silorane, Tetric EvoCeram, and Tetric EvoFlow), a polyacid-modified composite (Dyract Extra), and a conventional glass-ionomer cement (Ketac Fil Plus). For each type of the material, 40 specimens were prepared and embedded in ceramic moulds and divided into four groups (n = 10): control group (C), erosion group (E), abrasion group (A), and erosion–abrasion group (EA). The specimens were subjected to six daily erosive attacks (groups E and EA; citric acid, pH 2.3, 1 min) and/or six abrasive attacks (groups A and EA; toothbrush abrasion, 100 strokes, 1 min), while the control specimens (group C) were maintained in artificial saliva. After 10-day treatment, the substance loss and surface changes were determined by surface profilometry and scanning electron microscopy.
Results: Human enamel presented higher substance loss when compared to restorative materials. Generally, combined erosion–abrasion (EA) caused the highest substance loss, followed by erosion, abrasion, and storage in artificial saliva. Composite resin presented highest durability under erosive and/or abrasive attacks. Enamel and restorative materials showed degradation in groups E and EA through SEM observation.
Conclusions: Toothbrush abrasion has a synergistic effect with erosion on substance loss of human enamel, polyacid-modified composite and glass-ionomer cement. The acid- and abrasive-resistance of human enamel was lower compared to restorative materials.

Item Type:Dissertation
Referees:Attin T, Buchalla W
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:27 Jul 2010 14:42
Last Modified:04 Apr 2012 13:24
Additional Information:Yu, Hao. - Erosion and abrasion of tooth-colored restorative materials and human enamel.- Zürich, 2010 Standort: UZZMK. Signatur: ZZMK PPKD 223; Sonderdruck aus: Journal of Dentistry. Vol. 37, no. 12, 2009, pp. 913-22
Official URL:https://biblio.unizh.ch/F/?local_base=UZH01&con_lng=GER&func=find-b&find_code=SYS&request=001908430
Related URLs:https://www.zora.uzh.ch/24097/

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