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Wirtz, P H; Redwine, L S; Hong, S; Rutledge, T; Dimsdale, J E; Greenberg, B H; Mills, P J (2010). Increases in B-type natriuretic Peptide after acute mental stress in heart failure patients are associated with alcohol consumption. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 71(5):786-794.

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Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate in heart failure (HF) patients whether acute mental stress induces increases in the HF-severity biomarker B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and if alcohol consumption is associated with such stress-induced increases.

Method: Twenty-one male HF patients and 19 male non-HF controls (M = 56 years, SEM = 2) underwent a 15-minute acute mental stress test combining public speaking and mental arithmetic. Plasma levels of BNP were determined immediately before as well as 2 hours after the stress test. Alcohol consumption was assessed by self-reported number of drinks per month and history of use.

Results: HF patients had higher BNP levels before and after stress, F(1, 38) = 23.42, p < .001, and showed greater stress-induced increases in BNP levels, F(1, 38) = 4.52, p = .04, compared with controls. HF status (beta = .32, p = .015, deltaR(2) = .10) and higher alcohol consumption ((beta = .61, p< .001, deltaR(2) = .37) were independently associated with higher BNP stress increases. Moreover, higher alcohol consumption moderated the greater BNP stress increases in HF patients but not in controls (p = .49, p < .001, delta(2) = .20), although alcohol consumption did not differ between groups.

Conclusions: For individuals with HF, particularly those who drink moderate to more substantial amounts of alcohol, exposure to acute psychological stress leads to increases in circulating levels of BNP, a biomarker which is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in HF. (J. Stud. Alcohol Drugs, 71, 786-794, 2010).



Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Deposited On:31 Aug 2010 09:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:14
Publisher:Rutgers University
Publisher DOI:10.15288/jsad.2010.71.786
PubMed ID:20731986

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