# hp-Finite Elements for Elliptic Eigenvalue Problems: Error estimates which are explicit with respect to λ, h, and p

Sauter, S (2010). hp-Finite Elements for Elliptic Eigenvalue Problems: Error estimates which are explicit with respect to λ, h, and p. SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, 48(1):95-108.

## Abstract

Convergence rates for finite element discretizations of elliptic eigenvalue problems in the literature usually are of the following form: If the mesh width h is fine enough, then the eigenvalues, resp., eigenfunctions, converge at some well-defined rate. In this paper, we will determine the maximal mesh width h(0)-more precisely the minimal dimension of a finite element space-so that the asymptotic convergence estimates hold for h <= h(0). This mesh width will depend on the size and spacing of the exact eigenvalues, the spatial dimension, and the local polynomial degree of the finite element space. For example, in the one-dimensional case, the condition lambda(3/4)h(0) less than or similar to 1 is sufficient for piecewise linear finite elements to compute an eigenvalue lambda with optimal convergence rates as h(0) >= h -> 0. It will turn out that the condition for eigenfunctions is slightly more restrictive. Furthermore, we will analyze the dependence of the ratio of the errors of the Galerkin approximation and of the best approximation of an eigenfunction on lambda and h. In this paper, the error estimates for the eigenvalue/-function are limited to the selfadjoint case. However, the regularity theory and approximation property cover also the nonselfadjoint case and, hence, pave the way towards the error analysis of nonselfadjoint eigenvalue/-function problems.

Convergence rates for finite element discretizations of elliptic eigenvalue problems in the literature usually are of the following form: If the mesh width h is fine enough, then the eigenvalues, resp., eigenfunctions, converge at some well-defined rate. In this paper, we will determine the maximal mesh width h(0)-more precisely the minimal dimension of a finite element space-so that the asymptotic convergence estimates hold for h <= h(0). This mesh width will depend on the size and spacing of the exact eigenvalues, the spatial dimension, and the local polynomial degree of the finite element space. For example, in the one-dimensional case, the condition lambda(3/4)h(0) less than or similar to 1 is sufficient for piecewise linear finite elements to compute an eigenvalue lambda with optimal convergence rates as h(0) >= h -> 0. It will turn out that the condition for eigenfunctions is slightly more restrictive. Furthermore, we will analyze the dependence of the ratio of the errors of the Galerkin approximation and of the best approximation of an eigenfunction on lambda and h. In this paper, the error estimates for the eigenvalue/-function are limited to the selfadjoint case. However, the regularity theory and approximation property cover also the nonselfadjoint case and, hence, pave the way towards the error analysis of nonselfadjoint eigenvalue/-function problems.

## Citations

6 citations in Web of Science®
6 citations in Scopus®

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Item Type: Journal Article, refereed, original work 07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Mathematics 510 Mathematics English April 2010 15 Nov 2010 11:40 05 Apr 2016 14:16 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics 0036-1429 Copyright © 2010, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics https://doi.org/10.1137/070702515
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-36109