UZH-Logo

Dual-source computed tomography coronary angiography: influence of obesity, calcium load, and heart rate on diagnostic accuracy


Alkadhi, H; Scheffel, H; Desbiolles, L; Gaemperli, O; Stolzmann, P; Plass, A; Goerres, G W; Luescher, T F; Genoni, M; Marincek, B; Kaufmann, P A; Leschka, S (2008). Dual-source computed tomography coronary angiography: influence of obesity, calcium load, and heart rate on diagnostic accuracy. European Heart Journal, 29(6):766-776.

Abstract

AIMS: To prospectively investigate the diagnostic accuracy of dual-source computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) to diagnose coronary stenoses in relation to body mass index (BMI), Agatston score (AS), and heart rate (HR) as compared with catheter coronary angiography (CCA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Hundred and fifty consecutive patients (47 female, mean age 62.9 +/- 12.1 years) underwent dual-source CTCA without HR control. Patients were divided into subgroups depending on the median of their BMI (26.0 kg/m2), AS (194), and HR (66 b.p.m.). CCA was considered the standard of reference. Mean BMI was 26.5 +/- 4.2 kg/m2 (range 18.3-39.1 kg/m2), mean AS was 309 +/- 408 (range 0-4387), and HR was 68.5 +/- 12.6 b.p.m. (range 35-102 b.p.m.). Diagnostic image quality was found in 98.1% of all segments (2020/2059). Considering not-evaluative segments at CTCA as false-positive, overall per-patient sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive value were 96.6%, 86.8%, 82.6%, and 97.5%, respectively. High HR did not deteriorate diagnostic accuracy of CTCA. High BMI and AS were associated with a decrease in per-patient specificity to 84.1% and 77.8%, respectively, while sensitivity and negative predictive value remained high. CONCLUSION: Dual-source CTCA provides high diagnostic accuracy irrespective of the HR and serves as a modality to rule-out coronary artery stenoses even in patients with high BMI and AS.

AIMS: To prospectively investigate the diagnostic accuracy of dual-source computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) to diagnose coronary stenoses in relation to body mass index (BMI), Agatston score (AS), and heart rate (HR) as compared with catheter coronary angiography (CCA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Hundred and fifty consecutive patients (47 female, mean age 62.9 +/- 12.1 years) underwent dual-source CTCA without HR control. Patients were divided into subgroups depending on the median of their BMI (26.0 kg/m2), AS (194), and HR (66 b.p.m.). CCA was considered the standard of reference. Mean BMI was 26.5 +/- 4.2 kg/m2 (range 18.3-39.1 kg/m2), mean AS was 309 +/- 408 (range 0-4387), and HR was 68.5 +/- 12.6 b.p.m. (range 35-102 b.p.m.). Diagnostic image quality was found in 98.1% of all segments (2020/2059). Considering not-evaluative segments at CTCA as false-positive, overall per-patient sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive value were 96.6%, 86.8%, 82.6%, and 97.5%, respectively. High HR did not deteriorate diagnostic accuracy of CTCA. High BMI and AS were associated with a decrease in per-patient specificity to 84.1% and 77.8%, respectively, while sensitivity and negative predictive value remained high. CONCLUSION: Dual-source CTCA provides high diagnostic accuracy irrespective of the HR and serves as a modality to rule-out coronary artery stenoses even in patients with high BMI and AS.

Citations

100 citations in Web of Science®
129 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

5 downloads since deposited on 26 Sep 2008
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:26 Sep 2008 07:17
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:27
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
Publisher DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehn044
PubMed ID:18292596
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-3614

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations