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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-3614

Alkadhi, H; Scheffel, H; Desbiolles, L; Gaemperli, O; Stolzmann, P; Plass, A; Goerres, G W; Luescher, T F; Genoni, M; Marincek, B; Kaufmann, P A; Leschka, S (2008). Dual-source computed tomography coronary angiography: influence of obesity, calcium load, and heart rate on diagnostic accuracy. European Heart Journal, 29(6):766-776.

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Abstract

AIMS: To prospectively investigate the diagnostic accuracy of dual-source computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) to diagnose coronary stenoses in relation to body mass index (BMI), Agatston score (AS), and heart rate (HR) as compared with catheter coronary angiography (CCA). METHODS AND RESULTS: Hundred and fifty consecutive patients (47 female, mean age 62.9 +/- 12.1 years) underwent dual-source CTCA without HR control. Patients were divided into subgroups depending on the median of their BMI (26.0 kg/m2), AS (194), and HR (66 b.p.m.). CCA was considered the standard of reference. Mean BMI was 26.5 +/- 4.2 kg/m2 (range 18.3-39.1 kg/m2), mean AS was 309 +/- 408 (range 0-4387), and HR was 68.5 +/- 12.6 b.p.m. (range 35-102 b.p.m.). Diagnostic image quality was found in 98.1% of all segments (2020/2059). Considering not-evaluative segments at CTCA as false-positive, overall per-patient sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive value were 96.6%, 86.8%, 82.6%, and 97.5%, respectively. High HR did not deteriorate diagnostic accuracy of CTCA. High BMI and AS were associated with a decrease in per-patient specificity to 84.1% and 77.8%, respectively, while sensitivity and negative predictive value remained high. CONCLUSION: Dual-source CTCA provides high diagnostic accuracy irrespective of the HR and serves as a modality to rule-out coronary artery stenoses even in patients with high BMI and AS.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:26 Sep 2008 07:17
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 23:10
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0195-668X
Publisher DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehn044
PubMed ID:18292596
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 86
Google Scholar™
Scopus®. Citation Count: 106

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