UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Acute lung injury: apoptosis in effector and target cells of the upper and lower airway compartment


Roth Z'graggen, B; Tornic, J; Müller-Edenborn, B; Reyes, L; Booy, C; Beck-Schimmer, B (2010). Acute lung injury: apoptosis in effector and target cells of the upper and lower airway compartment. Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 161(2):324-331.

Abstract

Apoptotic cell death has been considered an underlying mechanism in acute lung injury. To evaluate the evidence of this process, apoptosis rate was determined in effector cells (alveolar macrophages, neutrophils) and target cells (tracheobronchial and alveolar epithelial cells) of the respiratory compartment upon exposure to hypoxia and endotoxin stimulation in vitro. Cells were exposed to 5% oxygen or incubated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 4, 8 and 24 h, and activity of caspase-3, -8 and -9 was determined. Caspase-3 of alveolar macrophages was increased at all three time-points upon LPS stimulation, while hypoxia did not affect apoptosis rate at early time-points. In neutrophils, apoptosis was decreased in an early phase of hypoxia at 4 h. However, enhanced expression of caspase-3 activity was seen at 8 and 24 h. In the presence of LPS a decreased apoptosis rate was observed at 8 h compared to controls, while it was increased at 24 h. Tracheobronchial as well as alveolar epithelial cells experienced an enhanced caspase-3 activity upon LPS stimulation with no change of apoptosis rate under hypoxia. While increased apoptosis rate is triggered through an intrinsic and extrinsic pathway in alveolar macrophages, intrinsic signalling is activated in tracheobronchial epithelial cells. The exact pathway pattern in neutrophils and alveolar epithelial cells could not be determined. These data clearly demonstrate that upon injury each cell type experiences its own apoptosis pattern. Further experiments need to be performed to determine the functional role of these apoptotic processes in acute lung injury.

Apoptotic cell death has been considered an underlying mechanism in acute lung injury. To evaluate the evidence of this process, apoptosis rate was determined in effector cells (alveolar macrophages, neutrophils) and target cells (tracheobronchial and alveolar epithelial cells) of the respiratory compartment upon exposure to hypoxia and endotoxin stimulation in vitro. Cells were exposed to 5% oxygen or incubated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 4, 8 and 24 h, and activity of caspase-3, -8 and -9 was determined. Caspase-3 of alveolar macrophages was increased at all three time-points upon LPS stimulation, while hypoxia did not affect apoptosis rate at early time-points. In neutrophils, apoptosis was decreased in an early phase of hypoxia at 4 h. However, enhanced expression of caspase-3 activity was seen at 8 and 24 h. In the presence of LPS a decreased apoptosis rate was observed at 8 h compared to controls, while it was increased at 24 h. Tracheobronchial as well as alveolar epithelial cells experienced an enhanced caspase-3 activity upon LPS stimulation with no change of apoptosis rate under hypoxia. While increased apoptosis rate is triggered through an intrinsic and extrinsic pathway in alveolar macrophages, intrinsic signalling is activated in tracheobronchial epithelial cells. The exact pathway pattern in neutrophils and alveolar epithelial cells could not be determined. These data clearly demonstrate that upon injury each cell type experiences its own apoptosis pattern. Further experiments need to be performed to determine the functional role of these apoptotic processes in acute lung injury.

Citations

13 citations in Web of Science®
13 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

81 downloads since deposited on 15 Nov 2010
21 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:15 Nov 2010 12:50
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:16
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0009-9104
Publisher DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2249.2010.04175.x
PubMed ID:20456415
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-36211

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 99kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations