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Fröhlich, G; Steffel, J; Hürlimann, D; Enseleit, F; Lüscher, T F; Ruschitzka, F; Abraham, W T; Holzmeister, J (2010). Upgrading to resynchronization therapy after chronic right ventricular pacing improves left ventricular remodelling. European Heart Journal, 31(12):1477-1485.

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AIMS: Chronic right ventricular (RV) pacing may impose ventricular dyssynchrony leading to LV remodelling and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Upgrading patients with chronic RV pacing to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) may be considered to restore synchronicity and prevent these deleterious effects. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 172 patients from two tertiary centres were analysed over a mean follow-up of 21.7 and 23.5 months after primary CRT implantation (n = 102) and CRT upgrade (n = 70), respectively. In the latter group, mean duration of RV pacing before CRT upgrade was 80.3 months, and ventricular stimulation was >95%. A significant improvement in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (10 and 11% absolute increase in primary CRT vs. upgrades, respectively), LV end-diastolic diameter index (-0.15 cm/m(2) vs. -0.2 cm/m(2)), and LV end-systolic diameter (-6.0 vs. -7.0 mm) was observed in both groups, which did not differ between primary CRT recipients and CRT upgrades. Response to CRT upgrade was independent of the underlying rhythm, QRS duration, duration of prior RV pacing, or LV function and size at baseline. Of note, even seven of nine patients with RV pacing >12 years responded favourably to CRT. CONCLUSION: The current study demonstrates that CRT reverses LV remodelling in heart failure patients with chronic RV pacing in a similar way as in primary CRT recipients, even after very long periods of RV pacing. Our data, therefore, may have important implications for the treatment of pacemaker-dependent patients with heart failure, and support the use of CRT in this setting.


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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:14 Dec 2010 12:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:17
Publisher:Oxford University Press
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehq065
PubMed ID:20233792

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