UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Coffee blunts mental stress-induced blood pressure increase in habitual but not in nonhabitual coffee drinkers


Sudano, I; Spieker, L; Binggeli, C; Ruschitzka, F; Lüscher, T F; Noll, G; Corti, R (2005). Coffee blunts mental stress-induced blood pressure increase in habitual but not in nonhabitual coffee drinkers. Hypertension, 46(3):521-526.

Abstract

Coffee is widely consumed, especially during mental stress conditions. Cardiovascular impact of coffee remains debated because the underlying mechanisms of action are complex. We reported previously differential cardiovascular stimulation of coffee at rest depending on habitual consumption. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of coffee on cardiovascular response to mental stress. In 15 healthy volunteers (6 habitual, 9 nonhabitual coffee drinkers), we assessed the effect of mental stress on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and muscle sympathetic activity (MSA) before and after a triple espresso, intravenous caffeine, and placebo in the same subjects. Under baseline conditions, mental stress significantly increases MSA (+2.5+/-0.7 volts per minute; +14.1+/-10.3%), systolic (+11.6+/-4.1 mm Hg) and diastolic BP (+6.4+/-2.0 mm Hg), and HR (+9.6+/-1.8 minutes(-1)). In nonhabitual coffee drinkers, a triple espresso but not caffeine induced an additional increase in systolic BP (+9+/-6.3 mm Hg; P=0.003) during mental stress, whereas in habitual drinkers, the stress-induced BP increase was blunted (+4+/-3.9 mm Hg; P=NS). As a result, nonhabitual coffee drinkers experienced significantly higher BP during mental stress than habitual drinkers (151+/-17.9/83+/-5.6 mm Hg versus 130+/-7.8/74+/-6.7 mm Hg; P<0.05). Caffeine induced similar effects in habitual and nonhabitual coffee drinkers at rest and during mental stress. The response to the cold pressor test was not influenced by coffee drinking in both groups. In conclusion, in nonhabitual coffee drinkers, coffee enhances the cardiovascular response to mental stress with an additional increase in systolic BP, whereas in habitual drinkers, the response is blunted. Caffeine alone does not exert any potentiating effect, confirming that ingredients other than caffeine are partially responsible for the stimulating effect of coffee on the cardiovascular system.

Coffee is widely consumed, especially during mental stress conditions. Cardiovascular impact of coffee remains debated because the underlying mechanisms of action are complex. We reported previously differential cardiovascular stimulation of coffee at rest depending on habitual consumption. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of coffee on cardiovascular response to mental stress. In 15 healthy volunteers (6 habitual, 9 nonhabitual coffee drinkers), we assessed the effect of mental stress on blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and muscle sympathetic activity (MSA) before and after a triple espresso, intravenous caffeine, and placebo in the same subjects. Under baseline conditions, mental stress significantly increases MSA (+2.5+/-0.7 volts per minute; +14.1+/-10.3%), systolic (+11.6+/-4.1 mm Hg) and diastolic BP (+6.4+/-2.0 mm Hg), and HR (+9.6+/-1.8 minutes(-1)). In nonhabitual coffee drinkers, a triple espresso but not caffeine induced an additional increase in systolic BP (+9+/-6.3 mm Hg; P=0.003) during mental stress, whereas in habitual drinkers, the stress-induced BP increase was blunted (+4+/-3.9 mm Hg; P=NS). As a result, nonhabitual coffee drinkers experienced significantly higher BP during mental stress than habitual drinkers (151+/-17.9/83+/-5.6 mm Hg versus 130+/-7.8/74+/-6.7 mm Hg; P<0.05). Caffeine induced similar effects in habitual and nonhabitual coffee drinkers at rest and during mental stress. The response to the cold pressor test was not influenced by coffee drinking in both groups. In conclusion, in nonhabitual coffee drinkers, coffee enhances the cardiovascular response to mental stress with an additional increase in systolic BP, whereas in habitual drinkers, the response is blunted. Caffeine alone does not exert any potentiating effect, confirming that ingredients other than caffeine are partially responsible for the stimulating effect of coffee on the cardiovascular system.

Citations

19 citations in Web of Science®
32 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:04 Mar 2011 09:23
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:17
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0194-911X
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1161/01.HYP.0000177448.56745.c7
Related URLs:http://hyper.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/46/3/521 (Publisher)
PubMed ID:16103273

Download

Full text not available from this repository.View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations