UZH-Logo

Selective COX-2 inhibitors and renal injury in salt-sensitive hypertension


Hermann, M; Shaw, S; Kiss, E; Camici, G; Buhler, N; Chenevard, R; Lüscher, T F; Gröne, H J; Ruschitzka, F (2005). Selective COX-2 inhibitors and renal injury in salt-sensitive hypertension. Hypertension, 45(2):193-197.

Abstract

In view of the ongoing controversy of cardiorenal safety of selective COX-2 inhibitors (coxibs), the present study was designed to examine the effects of 2 different coxibs, celecoxib and rofecoxib, compared with a traditional NSAID, diclofenac, and placebo on renal morphology and function in salt-sensitive hypertension. Salt-sensitive (DS) and salt-resistant (DR) Dahl rats were fed with NaCl-enriched diet (4% NaCl) for 8 weeks. Diclofenac (DS-diclofenac), rofecoxib (DS-rofecoxib), celecoxib (DS-celecoxib), or placebo was added to chow from weeks 6 to 8. Immunostaining for monocytes/macrophages (ED1) and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CD8) was performed. In addition, renal morphology and proteinuria were assessed. Renal cortex mRNA was isolated for determination of COX-2, eNOS, and CRP mRNA by real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Untreated hypertensive animals showed glomerular injury including collapsing glomerulopathy, mesangial sclerosis, mesangiolysis, extracapillary proliferation, protein drops, and an especially high grade of glomerulosclerosis (P<0.05 versus DR-placebo) and CD8-positive and ED1-positive cells (P<0.01 versus DR-placebo), which was improved by celecoxib but not by diclofenac and rofecoxib. C-reactive protein mRNA in renal cortex was increased in DS-placebo animals (P<0.05 versus DR-placebo) and normalized by celecoxib (P<0.05 versus DS-placebo), whereas eNOS mRNA was decreased in the DS-rofecoxib group (P<0.05 versus DR-placebo, DS-celecoxib, and DS-diclofenac). Proteinuria was observed in hypertensive animals (P<0.0001 versus DR-placebo), increased by rofecoxib (P<0.05 versus DS-placebo), and normalized by celecoxib (P=0.0015 versus DS-placebo). This head-to-head comparison of selective and nonselective COX inhibitors demonstrates differential effects of coxibs on renal morphology and function in salt-dependent hypertension.

In view of the ongoing controversy of cardiorenal safety of selective COX-2 inhibitors (coxibs), the present study was designed to examine the effects of 2 different coxibs, celecoxib and rofecoxib, compared with a traditional NSAID, diclofenac, and placebo on renal morphology and function in salt-sensitive hypertension. Salt-sensitive (DS) and salt-resistant (DR) Dahl rats were fed with NaCl-enriched diet (4% NaCl) for 8 weeks. Diclofenac (DS-diclofenac), rofecoxib (DS-rofecoxib), celecoxib (DS-celecoxib), or placebo was added to chow from weeks 6 to 8. Immunostaining for monocytes/macrophages (ED1) and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CD8) was performed. In addition, renal morphology and proteinuria were assessed. Renal cortex mRNA was isolated for determination of COX-2, eNOS, and CRP mRNA by real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Untreated hypertensive animals showed glomerular injury including collapsing glomerulopathy, mesangial sclerosis, mesangiolysis, extracapillary proliferation, protein drops, and an especially high grade of glomerulosclerosis (P<0.05 versus DR-placebo) and CD8-positive and ED1-positive cells (P<0.01 versus DR-placebo), which was improved by celecoxib but not by diclofenac and rofecoxib. C-reactive protein mRNA in renal cortex was increased in DS-placebo animals (P<0.05 versus DR-placebo) and normalized by celecoxib (P<0.05 versus DS-placebo), whereas eNOS mRNA was decreased in the DS-rofecoxib group (P<0.05 versus DR-placebo, DS-celecoxib, and DS-diclofenac). Proteinuria was observed in hypertensive animals (P<0.0001 versus DR-placebo), increased by rofecoxib (P<0.05 versus DS-placebo), and normalized by celecoxib (P=0.0015 versus DS-placebo). This head-to-head comparison of selective and nonselective COX inhibitors demonstrates differential effects of coxibs on renal morphology and function in salt-dependent hypertension.

Citations

34 citations in Web of Science®
47 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:04 Mar 2011 09:15
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:17
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN:0194-911X
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1161/01.HYP.0000153053.82032.bf
Related URLs:http://hyper.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/45/2/193 (Publisher)
PubMed ID:15630049

Download

Full text not available from this repository.View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations