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Endothelin-1 exerts vasoactive, pro-inflammatory, hypertrophic, and profibrotic properties on the heart, kidney, and blood vessels. Hence, endothelin-receptor antagonists hold the potential to reduce blood pressure and to prevent complications of hypertension, atherosclerosis, and diabetes through blood pressure-independent effects on cardiovascular growth, inflammation, and fibrosis. These potentially important effects of endothelin antagonism may contribute to its therapeutic potential in hypertension and other cardiovascular disorders, including chronic renal failure and diabetes. First clinical trial evidence demonstrates a moderate reduction in blood pressure in studies of patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension and patients with resistant hypertension. Future large-scale randomized clinical trials will provide more insight into whether the blood-pressure reduction and promising pleiotropic effects observed with several members of this novel class of drugs, which are already established therapy in pulmonary hypertension, will translate into clinical benefit in patients with arterial hypertension.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers/therapeutic use;Animals;Antihypertensive Agents/pharmacology/*therapeutic use;Blood Pressure/drug effects;Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects/physiopathology;Humans;Hypertension/*drug therapy/physiopathology;Receptors, Endothelin/*antagonists & inhibitors;Vascular Resistance/drug effects;Vasoconstriction/drug effects|
|Deposited On:||03 Jan 2011 15:32|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 22:31|
|Publisher:||Current Science, Inc.|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 5|
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