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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-3731

Bjelic, S; Wieninger, S; Jelesarov, I; Karshikoff, A (2008). Electrostatic contribution to the thermodynamic and kinetic stability of the homotrimeric coiled coil Lpp-56: A computational study. Proteins, 70(3):810-822.

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Abstract

The protein moiety of the Braun's E. coli outer membrane lipoprotein (Lpp-56) is an attractive object of biophysical investigation in several aspects. It is a homotrimeric, parallel coiled coil, a class of coiled coils whose stability and folding have been studied only occasionally. Lpp-56 possesses unique structural properties and exhibits extremely low rates of folding and unfolding. It is natural to ask how the specificity of the structure determines the extraordinary physical chemical properties of this protein. Recently, a seemingly controversial data on the stability and unfolding rate of Lpp-56 have been published (Dragan et al., Biochemistry 2004;43: 14891-14900; Bjelic et al., Biochemistry 2006;45:8931-8939). The unfolding rate constant measured using GdmCl as the denaturing agent, though extremely low, was substantially higher than that obtained on the basis of thermal unfolding. If this large difference arises from the effect of screening of electrostatic interactions induced by GdmCl, electrostatic interactions would appear to be an important factor determining the unusual properties of Lpp-56. We present here a computational analysis of the electrostatic properties of Lpp-56 combining molecular dynamics simulations and continuum pK calculations. The pH-dependence of the unfolding free energy is predicted in good agreement with the experimental data: the change in DeltaG between pH 3 and pH 7 is approximately 60 kJ mol(-1). The results suggest that the difference in the stability of the protein observed using different experimental methods is mainly because of the effect of the reduction of electrostatic interactions when the salt (GdmCl) concentration increases. We also find that the occupancy of the interhelical salt bridges is unusually high. We hypothesize that electrostatic interactions, and the interhelical salt bridges in particular, are an important factor determining the low unfolding rate of Lpp-56.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Biochemistry
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:February 2008
Deposited On:23 Sep 2008 10:20
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 20:03
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0887-3585
Additional Information:The attached file is a preprint (accepted version) of an article published in Proteins 70(3):810-822, 2008.
Publisher DOI:10.1002/prot.21585
PubMed ID:17729276
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 5
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