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Inclination of the patellar ligament in relation to flexion angle in stifle joints of dogs without degenerative joint disease.


Dennler, R; Kipfer, N M; Tepic, S; Hässig, M; Montavon, P M (2006). Inclination of the patellar ligament in relation to flexion angle in stifle joints of dogs without degenerative joint disease. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 67(11):1849-1854.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To measure the angles between the patellar ligament and the tibial plateau and between the patellar ligament and the common tangent at the tibiofemoral contact point (TFCP) throughout the full range of motion of the stifle joint in dogs and determine the flexion angles at which the patellar ligament is perpendicular to the tibial plateau or to the common tangent. SAMPLE POPULATION: 16 hind limbs from cadavers of 9 adult dogs without radiographically detectable degenerative joint disease. PROCEDURES: Mediolateral radiographic views of the stifle joints from full extension through full flexion were obtained (10 degrees increments). Angles between the tibial and femoral long axes (beta), between the patellar ligament and the tibial plateau gamma), and between the patellar ligament and the common tangent at TFCP (alpha) were measured. Data were analyzed via simple linear regression. RESULTS: In canine stifle joints, angles gamma and alpha decreased linearly with increasing flexion (angle beta). The patellar ligament was perpendicular to the tibial plateau and perpendicular to the common tangent at the TFCP at 90 degrees and 110 degrees of flexion, respectively. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: By use of the conventionally defined tibial plateau, data suggest that at approximately 90 degrees of flexion in stifle joints of dogs, shear force in the sagittal plane exerted on the proximal portion of the tibia shifts the loading from the cranial to the caudal cruciate ligament. Analyses involving the common tangent at the TFCP (a more anatomically representative reference point) identified this crossover point at approximately 110 degrees of joint flexion.

OBJECTIVE: To measure the angles between the patellar ligament and the tibial plateau and between the patellar ligament and the common tangent at the tibiofemoral contact point (TFCP) throughout the full range of motion of the stifle joint in dogs and determine the flexion angles at which the patellar ligament is perpendicular to the tibial plateau or to the common tangent. SAMPLE POPULATION: 16 hind limbs from cadavers of 9 adult dogs without radiographically detectable degenerative joint disease. PROCEDURES: Mediolateral radiographic views of the stifle joints from full extension through full flexion were obtained (10 degrees increments). Angles between the tibial and femoral long axes (beta), between the patellar ligament and the tibial plateau gamma), and between the patellar ligament and the common tangent at TFCP (alpha) were measured. Data were analyzed via simple linear regression. RESULTS: In canine stifle joints, angles gamma and alpha decreased linearly with increasing flexion (angle beta). The patellar ligament was perpendicular to the tibial plateau and perpendicular to the common tangent at the TFCP at 90 degrees and 110 degrees of flexion, respectively. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: By use of the conventionally defined tibial plateau, data suggest that at approximately 90 degrees of flexion in stifle joints of dogs, shear force in the sagittal plane exerted on the proximal portion of the tibia shifts the loading from the cranial to the caudal cruciate ligament. Analyses involving the common tangent at the TFCP (a more anatomically representative reference point) identified this crossover point at approximately 110 degrees of joint flexion.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2006
Deposited On:25 Mar 2009 15:32
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:28
Publisher:American Veterinary Medical Association
ISSN:0002-9645
Publisher DOI:10.2460/ajvr.67.11.1849
PubMed ID:17078745
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-3786

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