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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-38328

Sudano, I; Flammer, A J; Périat, D; Enseleit, F; Hermann, M; Wolfrum, M; Hirt, A; Kaiser, P; Hurlimann, D; Neidhart, M; Gay, S; Holzmeister, J; Nussberger, J; Mocharla, P; Landmesser, U; Haile, S R; Corti, R; Vanhoutte, P M; Lüscher, T F; Noll, G; Ruschitzka, F (2010). Acetaminophen increases blood pressure in patients with coronary artery disease. Circulation, 122(18):1789-1796.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Because traditional nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs are associated with increased risk for acute cardiovascular events, current guidelines recommend acetaminophen as the first-line analgesic of choice on the assumption of its greater cardiovascular safety. Data from randomized clinical trials prospectively addressing cardiovascular safety of acetaminophen, however, are still lacking, particularly in patients at increased cardiovascular risk. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of acetaminophen in patients with coronary artery disease.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The 33 patients with coronary artery disease included in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study received acetaminophen (1 g TID) on top of standard cardiovascular therapy for 2 weeks. Ambulatory blood pressure, heart rate, endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilatation, platelet function, endothelial progenitor cells, markers of the renin-angiotensin system, inflammation, and oxidative stress were determined at baseline and after each treatment period. Treatment with acetaminophen resulted in a significant increase in mean systolic (from 122.4±11.9 to 125.3±12.0 mm Hg P=0.02 versus placebo) and diastolic (from 73.2±6.9 to 75.4±7.9 mm Hg P=0.02 versus placebo) ambulatory blood pressures. On the other hand, heart rate, endothelial function, early endothelial progenitor cells, and platelet function did not change.

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates for the first time that acetaminophen induces a significant increase in ambulatory blood pressure in patients with coronary artery disease. Thus, the use of acetaminophen should be evaluated as rigorously as traditional nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, particularly in patients at increased cardiovascular risk.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00534651.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:26 Nov 2010 16:43
Last Modified:02 Dec 2013 17:33
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0009-7322
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.956490
PubMed ID:20956208
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 46
Google Scholar™
Scopus®. Citation Count: 69

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