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Lippke, S; Schwarzer, R; Ziegelmann , J P; Scholz, U; Schüz, B (2010). Testing Stage-Specific Effects of a Stage-Matched Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial Targeting Physical Exercise and Its Predictors. Health Education and Behavior, 37(4):533-546.

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Health education interventions can be tailored toward stages of change. This strategy is based on theories
that predict at which stage which variables are indicative of subsequent behavior change processes. For
example, planning is regarded as being effective in intenders. However, rather few studies have tested whether
matched interventions are more successful for stage transitions than mismatched ones. Also very few previ-
ous studies have identified specific variables as targets of stage-matched interventions. A 2 (condition) × 2
(stages) experimental study tested the effects of stage-matched interventions for 226 participants. The stage-
matched intervention moved significantly more individuals forward to action than did the control condition.
Stage-specific effects were found to corroborate 78% of the assumptions. Multiple mediator analyses
revealed stage-specific mechanisms, indicating that intention and planning facilitated behavior change in
intenders. Thus, health behavior interventions should take stages of change into account.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
DDC:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:physical activity; intention; planning; self-efficacy; stage; multiple mediator analyses
Deposited On:05 Nov 2010 14:47
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 16:29
Publisher:Sage Publications
Publisher DOI:10.1177/1090198109359386
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 13
Google Scholar™
Scopus®. Citation Count: 14

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