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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-38680

Wang, L; Ko, K W; Lucchinetti, E; Zhang, L; Troxler, H; Hersberger, M; Omar, M A; Posse de Chaves, E I; Lopaschuk, G D; Clanachan, A S; Zaugg, M (2010). Metabolic profiling of hearts exposed to sevoflurane and propofol reveals distinct regulation of fatty acid and glucose oxidation: CD36 and pyruvate dehydrogenase as key regulators in anesthetic-induced fuel shift. Anesthesiology, 113(3):541-551.

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BACKGROUND: Myocardial energy metabolism is a strong predictor of postoperative cardiac function. This study profiled the metabolites and metabolic changes in the myocardium exposed to sevoflurane, propofol, and Intralipid and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Sevoflurane (2 vol%) and propofol (10 and 100 microM) in the formulation of 1% Diprivan (AstraZeneca Inc., Mississauga, ON, Canada) were compared for their effects on oxidative energy metabolism and contractility in the isolated working rat heart model. Intralipid served as a control. Substrate flux through the major pathways for adenosine triphosphate generation in the heart, that is, fatty acid and glucose oxidation, was measured using [H]palmitate and [C]glucose. Biochemical analyses of nucleotides, acyl-CoAs, ceramides, and 32 acylcarnitine species were used to profile individual metabolites. Lipid rafts were isolated and used for Western blotting of the plasma membrane transporters CD36 and glucose transporter 4. RESULTS: Metabolic profiling of the hearts exposed to sevoflurane and propofol revealed distinct regulation of fatty acid and glucose oxidation. Sevoflurane selectively decreased fatty acid oxidation, which was closely related to a marked reduction in left ventricular work. In contrast, propofol at 100 microM but not 10 microM increased glucose oxidation without affecting cardiac work. Sevoflurane decreased fatty acid transporter CD36 in lipid rafts/caveolae, whereas high propofol increased pyruvate dehydrogenase activity without affecting glucose transporter 4, providing mechanisms for the fuel shifts in energy metabolism. Propofol increased ceramide formation, and Intralipid increased hydroxy acylcarnitine species. CONCLUSIONS: Anesthetics and their solvents elicit distinct metabolic profiles in the myocardium, which may have clinical implications for the already jeopardized diseased heart.


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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:20 Jan 2011 13:24
Last Modified:02 Dec 2013 00:24
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
Publisher DOI:10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181e2c1a1
PubMed ID:20683255

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