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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-38709

Biebinger, R; Arnold, M; Koss, M; Kloeckener-Gruissem, B; Langhans, W; Hurrell, R F; Zimmermann, M B (2006). Effect of concurrent vitamin A and iodine deficiencies on the thyroid-pituitary axis in rats. Thyroid, 16(10):961-965.



OBJECTIVE: Deficiencies of vitamin A and iodine are common in many developing countries. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) may adversely affect thyroid metabolism. The study aim was to investigate the effects of concurrent vitamin A and iodine deficiencies on the thyroid-pituitary axis in rats. DESIGN: Weanling rats (n = 56) were fed diets deficient in vitamin A (VAD group), iodine (ID group), vitamin A and iodine (VAD + ID group), or sufficient in both vitamin A and iodine (control) for 30 days in a pair-fed design. Serum retinol (SR), thyroid hormones (FT(4), TT(4), FT(3), and TT(3)), serum thyrotropin (TSH), pituitary TSHbeta mRNA expression levels, and thyroid weights were determined at the end of the depletion period. MAIN OUTCOME: Compared to the control and ID groups, SR concentrations were about 35% lower in the VAD and VAD + ID groups (p < 0.001), indicating moderate VA deficiency. Comparing the VAD and control groups, there were no significant differences in TSH, TSHbeta mRNA, thyroid weight, or thyroid hormone levels. Compared to the control group, serum TSH, TSHbeta mRNA, and thyroid weight were higher (p < 0.05), and FT4 and TT4 were lower (p < 0.001), in the VAD + ID and ID groups. Compared to the ID group, TSH, TSHbeta mRNA, and thyroid weight were higher (p < 0.01) and FT(4) and TT(4) were lower (p < 0.001) in the VAD + ID group. There were no significant differences in TT3 or FT3 concentrations among groups. CONCLUSION: Moderate VAD alone has no measurable effect on the pituitary-thyroid axis. Concurrent ID and VAD produce more severe primary hypothyroidism than ID alone.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Molecular Genetics
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:11 Feb 2011 15:05
Last Modified:05 Dec 2013 03:35
Publisher:Mary Ann Liebert
Publisher DOI:10.1089/thy.2006.16.961
PubMed ID:17042680
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 6
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Scopus®. Citation Count: 7

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