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Geophysical identification of permafrost in Livingston Island, maritime Antarctica


Hauck, C; Blanco, J; Gruber, S; Vieira, G; Ramos, M (2007). Geophysical identification of permafrost in Livingston Island, maritime Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112( ):F02S19.

Abstract

The current permafrost distribution on Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, maritime Antarctic, was investigated using electrical resistivity tomography, refraction seismics, and shallow borehole temperatures. The field sites include different geological and geomorphological settings, including ice cored moraines and bedrock sites with debris covers of different thickness. Two-dimensional geophysical inversion schemes were used to analyze spatial heterogeneity at field sites and to detect isolated occurrences of ground ice. Results confirm that permafrost is widespread on Livingston Island, with high ice content in ice cored moraines and little in the cracks and fissures of frozen bedrock. Specific electrical resistivity values range from 10,000–40,000 ohm-m (frozen unconsolidated material) to 1500–10,000 ohm-m (frozen quartzite/shale). Combining seismic P wave velocities and specific electrical resistivities, a typical “roof-type” distribution was found with maximum resistivities coinciding with P wave velocities around 3000 m/s and decreasing resistivities for both increasing and decreasing velocities.

The current permafrost distribution on Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands, maritime Antarctic, was investigated using electrical resistivity tomography, refraction seismics, and shallow borehole temperatures. The field sites include different geological and geomorphological settings, including ice cored moraines and bedrock sites with debris covers of different thickness. Two-dimensional geophysical inversion schemes were used to analyze spatial heterogeneity at field sites and to detect isolated occurrences of ground ice. Results confirm that permafrost is widespread on Livingston Island, with high ice content in ice cored moraines and little in the cracks and fissures of frozen bedrock. Specific electrical resistivity values range from 10,000–40,000 ohm-m (frozen unconsolidated material) to 1500–10,000 ohm-m (frozen quartzite/shale). Combining seismic P wave velocities and specific electrical resistivities, a typical “roof-type” distribution was found with maximum resistivities coinciding with P wave velocities around 3000 m/s and decreasing resistivities for both increasing and decreasing velocities.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:21 June 2007
Deposited On:25 Mar 2009 12:49
Last Modified:10 May 2016 07:08
Publisher:American Geophysical Union
ISSN:0148-0227
Publisher DOI:10.1029/2006JF000544
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-3930

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