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Thiel, M; Wolfs, M J; Bauer, S; Wenning, A S; Burckhart, T; Schwarz, E C; Scott, A M; Renner, C; Hoth, M (2010). Efficiency of T-cell costimulation by CD80 and CD86 cross-linking correlates with calcium entry. Immunology, 129(1):28-40.

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Abstract

Costimulation is a fundamental principle of T-cell activation. In addition to T-cell receptor engagement, the interaction between CD80 and/or CD86 with CD28 and/or cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) receptors is required to regulate T-cell activation and tolerance. While the importance of costimulation is clearly established, the exact molecular mechanism is unknown. We demonstrate that T-cell proliferation and the ability of CD8(+) T-effector cells to kill were enhanced slightly by CD80 but dramatically by CD86 costimulation. To further analyse the cellular process of costimulation, we developed a single-cell assay to analyse Ca(2+) signals following costimulation with bi-specific antibodies. We found that this stimulation method worked in every human T-cell that was analysed, making it one of the most efficient T-cell activation methods to date for primary human T cells. The enhanced proliferation and killing by costimulation was paralleled by an increase of Ca(2+) influx following CD86 costimulation and it was dependent on CD28/CTLA-4 expression. The enhanced Ca(2+) influx following CD86 costimulation was abrogated by an antibody that interfered with CD28 function. The differences in Ca(2+) influx between CD80 and CD86 costimulation were not dependent on the depletion of Ca(2+) stores but were eliminated by the application of 10 mum 2-aminoethyldiphenyl borate which has recently been shown to enhance stromal interaction molecule 2 (STIM2)-dependent Ca(2+) entry while reducing STIM1-dependent Ca(2+) entry. Our data indicate that differences in the efficiency of costimulation are linked to differences in Ca(2+) entry.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Oncology
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:19 Jan 2011 12:30
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 20:46
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0019-2805
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2567.2009.03155.x
PubMed ID:19824921
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 8
Google Scholar™
Scopus®. Citation Count: 7

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