UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Tumor-specific crosslinking of GITR as costimulation for immunotherapy


Burckhart, T; Thiel, M A; Nishikawa, H; Wüest, T; Müller, D; Zippelius, A; Ritter, G; Old, L; Shiku, H; Renner, C (2010). Tumor-specific crosslinking of GITR as costimulation for immunotherapy. Journal of Immunotherapy, 33(9):925-934.

Abstract

Activation of murine glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor-related receptor (mGITR) by its natural ligand (GITRL) or antiGITR agonist mAb enhances T-cell responses, inhibits regulatory T-cell (Treg)-mediated suppression and induces tumor immunity in a variety of murine tumor models. However, systemic administration of these costimulatory agents can lead to global T-cell activation and autoimmunity. To specifically manipulate the T-cell compartment in the tumor microenvironment we propose to target the tumor infiltrating T cells with a bispecific mGITRL fusion protein. For that purpose, mGITRL is linked to a single-chain antibody targeting fibroblast activation protein (FAP) as FAP expression is restricted to cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) found in the stroma of epithelial cancers. AntiFAP-mGITRL fusion protein forms dimers and binds to murine GITR with 1.2 μM affinity and to murine FAP with 4.5 nM. The construct is able to costimulate CD8+ and CD4+ effector T cells resulting in increased proliferation, IFN-γ and IL-2 production. This costimulatory effect is enhanced when the fusion protein is bound to a FAP-positive cell line mimicking FAP CAFs. In suppression assays, membrane-bound antiFAP-mGITRL is 100-fold more effective in overcoming Treg-mediated suppression than unbound fusion protein. These studies suggest that targeted tumor therapy with antiFAP-mGITRL fusion protein could induce tumor rejection while minimizing autoimmune side effects.

Activation of murine glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor-related receptor (mGITR) by its natural ligand (GITRL) or antiGITR agonist mAb enhances T-cell responses, inhibits regulatory T-cell (Treg)-mediated suppression and induces tumor immunity in a variety of murine tumor models. However, systemic administration of these costimulatory agents can lead to global T-cell activation and autoimmunity. To specifically manipulate the T-cell compartment in the tumor microenvironment we propose to target the tumor infiltrating T cells with a bispecific mGITRL fusion protein. For that purpose, mGITRL is linked to a single-chain antibody targeting fibroblast activation protein (FAP) as FAP expression is restricted to cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) found in the stroma of epithelial cancers. AntiFAP-mGITRL fusion protein forms dimers and binds to murine GITR with 1.2 μM affinity and to murine FAP with 4.5 nM. The construct is able to costimulate CD8+ and CD4+ effector T cells resulting in increased proliferation, IFN-γ and IL-2 production. This costimulatory effect is enhanced when the fusion protein is bound to a FAP-positive cell line mimicking FAP CAFs. In suppression assays, membrane-bound antiFAP-mGITRL is 100-fold more effective in overcoming Treg-mediated suppression than unbound fusion protein. These studies suggest that targeted tumor therapy with antiFAP-mGITRL fusion protein could induce tumor rejection while minimizing autoimmune side effects.

Citations

10 citations in Web of Science®
10 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Oncology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2010
Deposited On:18 Jan 2011 13:10
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:27
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:1524-9557
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/CJI.0b013e3181f3cc87
PubMed ID:20948444

Download

Full text not available from this repository.View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations