UZH-Logo

Engulfment of cerebral apoptotic bodies controls the course of prion disease in a mouse strain-dependent manner


Kranich, J; Krautler, N J; Falsig, J; Ballmer, B; Li, S; Hutter, G; Schwarz, P; Moos, R; Julius, C; Miele, G; Aguzzi, A (2010). Engulfment of cerebral apoptotic bodies controls the course of prion disease in a mouse strain-dependent manner. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 207(10):2271-2281.

Abstract

Progressive accumulation of PrP(Sc), a hallmark of prion diseases, occurs when conversion of PrP(C) into PrP(Sc) is faster than PrP(Sc) clearance. Engulfment of apoptotic bodies by phagocytes is mediated by Mfge8 (milk fat globule epidermal growth factor 8). In this study, we show that brain Mfge8 is primarily produced by astrocytes. Mfge8 ablation induced accelerated prion disease and reduced clearance of cerebellar apoptotic bodies in vivo, as well as excessive PrP(Sc) accumulation and increased prion titers in prion-infected C57BL/6 × 129Sv mice and organotypic cerebellar slices derived therefrom. These phenotypes correlated with the presence of 129Sv genomic markers in hybrid mice and were not observed in inbred C57BL/6 Mfge8(-/-) mice, suggesting the existence of additional strain-specific genetic modifiers. Because Mfge8 receptors are expressed by microglia and depletion of microglia increases PrP(Sc) accumulation in organotypic cerebellar slices, we conclude that engulfment of apoptotic bodies by microglia may be an important pathway of prion clearance controlled by astrocyte-borne Mfge8.

Progressive accumulation of PrP(Sc), a hallmark of prion diseases, occurs when conversion of PrP(C) into PrP(Sc) is faster than PrP(Sc) clearance. Engulfment of apoptotic bodies by phagocytes is mediated by Mfge8 (milk fat globule epidermal growth factor 8). In this study, we show that brain Mfge8 is primarily produced by astrocytes. Mfge8 ablation induced accelerated prion disease and reduced clearance of cerebellar apoptotic bodies in vivo, as well as excessive PrP(Sc) accumulation and increased prion titers in prion-infected C57BL/6 × 129Sv mice and organotypic cerebellar slices derived therefrom. These phenotypes correlated with the presence of 129Sv genomic markers in hybrid mice and were not observed in inbred C57BL/6 Mfge8(-/-) mice, suggesting the existence of additional strain-specific genetic modifiers. Because Mfge8 receptors are expressed by microglia and depletion of microglia increases PrP(Sc) accumulation in organotypic cerebellar slices, we conclude that engulfment of apoptotic bodies by microglia may be an important pathway of prion clearance controlled by astrocyte-borne Mfge8.

Citations

37 citations in Web of Science®
43 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

74 downloads since deposited on 19 Jan 2011
21 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:19 Jan 2011 18:49
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:28
Publisher:Rockefeller University Press
ISSN:0022-1007
Additional Information:© 2010 Kranich et al.
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1084/jem.20092401
PubMed ID:20837697
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-39975

Download

[img]
Preview
Filetype: PDF
Size: 4MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations