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Accumulation of chlorophyll catabolites photosensitizes the hypersensitive response elicited by Pseudomonas syringae in Arabidopsis


Mur, L A J; Aubry, S; Mondhe, M; Kingston-Smith, A; Gallagher, J; Timms-Taravella, E; James, C; Papp, I; Hörtensteiner, S; Thomas, H; Ougham, H (2010). Accumulation of chlorophyll catabolites photosensitizes the hypersensitive response elicited by Pseudomonas syringae in Arabidopsis. The New Phytologist, 188(1):161-174.

Abstract

• The staygreen (SGR) gene encodes a chloroplast-targeted protein which promotes chlorophyll degradation via disruption of light-harvesting complexes (LHCs). • Over-expression of SGR in Arabidopsis (SGR-OX) in a Columbia-0 (Col-0) background caused spontaneous necrotic flecking. To relate this to the hypersensitive response (HR), Col-0, SGR-OX and RNAi SGR (SGRi) lines were challenged with Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst) encoding the avirulence gene avrRpm1. Increased and decreased SGR expression, respectively, accelerated and suppressed the kinetics of HR-cell death. In Col-0, SGR transcript increased at 6  h after inoculation (hai) when tissue electrolyte leakage indicated the initiation of cell death. • Excitation of the chlorophyll catabolite pheophorbide (Pheide) leads to the formation of toxic singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)). Pheide was first detected at 6  hai with Pst avrRpm1 and was linked to (1)O(2) generation and correlated with reduced Pheide a oxygenase (PaO) protein concentrations. The maximum quantum efficiency of photosystem II (F(v)/F(m)), quantum yield of electron transfer at photosystem II (φPSII), and photochemical quenching (qP) decreased at 6  hai in Col-0 but not in SGRi. Disruption of photosynthetic electron flow will cause light-dependent H(2)O(2) generation at 6  hai. • We conclude that disruption of LHCs, possibly influenced by SGR, and absence of PaO produce phototoxic chlorophyll catabolites and oxidative stress leading to the HR.

• The staygreen (SGR) gene encodes a chloroplast-targeted protein which promotes chlorophyll degradation via disruption of light-harvesting complexes (LHCs). • Over-expression of SGR in Arabidopsis (SGR-OX) in a Columbia-0 (Col-0) background caused spontaneous necrotic flecking. To relate this to the hypersensitive response (HR), Col-0, SGR-OX and RNAi SGR (SGRi) lines were challenged with Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst) encoding the avirulence gene avrRpm1. Increased and decreased SGR expression, respectively, accelerated and suppressed the kinetics of HR-cell death. In Col-0, SGR transcript increased at 6  h after inoculation (hai) when tissue electrolyte leakage indicated the initiation of cell death. • Excitation of the chlorophyll catabolite pheophorbide (Pheide) leads to the formation of toxic singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)). Pheide was first detected at 6  hai with Pst avrRpm1 and was linked to (1)O(2) generation and correlated with reduced Pheide a oxygenase (PaO) protein concentrations. The maximum quantum efficiency of photosystem II (F(v)/F(m)), quantum yield of electron transfer at photosystem II (φPSII), and photochemical quenching (qP) decreased at 6  hai in Col-0 but not in SGRi. Disruption of photosynthetic electron flow will cause light-dependent H(2)O(2) generation at 6  hai. • We conclude that disruption of LHCs, possibly influenced by SGR, and absence of PaO produce phototoxic chlorophyll catabolites and oxidative stress leading to the HR.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:30 Jan 2011 11:46
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:28
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0028-646X
Additional Information:Comment in: New Phytol. 2010 Oct;188(1):4-6.
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03377.x
PubMed ID:20704660

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