Mauch, J; Kutter, A P N; Madjdpour, C; Spielmann, N; Balmer, C; Frotzler, A; Bettschart-Wolfensberger, R; Weiss, M (2010). Electrocardiographic changes during continuous intravenous application of bupivacaine in neonatal pigs. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 105(4):437-441.
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BACKGROUND: It is controversial as to whether T-wave elevation is caused by local anaesthetics, epinephrine, or their combination. It has been shown that T-elevation after intravascular injection of a small bupivacaine test dose is caused by epinephrine and not by bupivacaine. The aim of this study was to investigate ECG changes with higher doses of i.v. bupivacaine.
METHODS: Thirty neonatal pigs were anaesthetized with sevoflurane and their tracheas intubated and artificially ventilated. Under steady-state conditions, bupivacaine was continuously infused (flow rate 3.2 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) by a syringe infusion pump through a central venous catheter. Group 1 received bupivacaine 0.125%, Group 2 bupivacaine 0.5%. The ECG was continuously printed and subsequently analysed for alterations in heart rate, ventricular de- and repolarization, and arrhythmias at 1.25, 2.5, and 5 mg kg(-1) bupivacaine infused.
RESULTS: Sinus rhythm persisted in all pigs. Heart rate decreased progressively in both groups, but this was significantly more pronounced in Group 1. T-wave elevation occurred in 40% and 0% (Groups 1 and 2) at 1.25 mg kg(-1), in 80% and 0% at 2.5 mg kg(-1), and in 93% and 80% at 5 mg kg(-1) bupivacaine infused. There were significant differences between the two groups at 1.25 and 2.5 mg kg(-1) infused.
CONCLUSIONS: Higher doses of i.v. infused bupivacaine can cause T-elevation. With slower injection technique, T-elevation can already be detected at lower bupivacaine doses administered.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic|
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||18 Jan 2011 13:31|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 20:18|
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 7|
Scopus®. Citation Count: 8
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