UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Early and late outcomes of 517 consecutive adult patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock


Rastan, A J; Dege, A; Mohr, M; Doll, N; Falk, V; Walther, T; Mohr, F W (2010). Early and late outcomes of 517 consecutive adult patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 139(2):302-311, 311.e1.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Adult postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock potentially requiring mechanical circulatory support occurs in 0.5% to 1.5% of cases. Risk factors influencing early or long-term outcome after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation implantation are not well described.

METHODS: Between May 1996 and May 2008, 517 adult patients received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. Procedures were isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (37.4%), isolated valve surgery (14.3%), coronary artery bypass grafting plus valve surgery (16.8%), thoracic organ transplantation (6.5%), and other combinations (25.0%). Fifty-four preoperative and 42 procedural risk factors concerning in-hospital mortality were evaluated by logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS: Mean age was 63.5 years, 71.5% were male, ejection fraction was 45.9% +/- 17.6%, logistic EuroSCORE was 21.6% +/- 20.7%. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was established through thoracic (60.8%) or extrathoracic (39.2%) cannulation. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was 3.28 +/- 2.85 days. Intra-aortic balloon pumps were implanted in 74.1%. Weaning from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was successful for 63.3%, and 24.8% were discharged. Cerebrovascular events occurred in 17.4%, gastrointestinal complications in 18.8%, and renal replacement therapy in 65.0%. Risk factors for hospital mortality were age older than 70 years (odds ratio, 1.6), diabetes (odds ratio, 2.5), preoperative renal insufficiency (odds ratio, 2.1), obesity (odds ratio, 1.8), logistic EuroSCORE greater than 20% (odds ratio, 1.8), operative lactate greater than 4 mmol/L (odds ratio, 2.2). Isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (odds ratio, 0.44) was protective. Cumulative survivals were 17.6% after 6 months, 16.5% after 1 year, and 13.7% after 5 years.

CONCLUSIONS: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support is an acceptable option for patients with postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock who otherwise would die and is justified by good long-term.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Adult postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock potentially requiring mechanical circulatory support occurs in 0.5% to 1.5% of cases. Risk factors influencing early or long-term outcome after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation implantation are not well described.

METHODS: Between May 1996 and May 2008, 517 adult patients received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. Procedures were isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (37.4%), isolated valve surgery (14.3%), coronary artery bypass grafting plus valve surgery (16.8%), thoracic organ transplantation (6.5%), and other combinations (25.0%). Fifty-four preoperative and 42 procedural risk factors concerning in-hospital mortality were evaluated by logistic regression analyses.

RESULTS: Mean age was 63.5 years, 71.5% were male, ejection fraction was 45.9% +/- 17.6%, logistic EuroSCORE was 21.6% +/- 20.7%. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was established through thoracic (60.8%) or extrathoracic (39.2%) cannulation. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support was 3.28 +/- 2.85 days. Intra-aortic balloon pumps were implanted in 74.1%. Weaning from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was successful for 63.3%, and 24.8% were discharged. Cerebrovascular events occurred in 17.4%, gastrointestinal complications in 18.8%, and renal replacement therapy in 65.0%. Risk factors for hospital mortality were age older than 70 years (odds ratio, 1.6), diabetes (odds ratio, 2.5), preoperative renal insufficiency (odds ratio, 2.1), obesity (odds ratio, 1.8), logistic EuroSCORE greater than 20% (odds ratio, 1.8), operative lactate greater than 4 mmol/L (odds ratio, 2.2). Isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (odds ratio, 0.44) was protective. Cumulative survivals were 17.6% after 6 months, 16.5% after 1 year, and 13.7% after 5 years.

CONCLUSIONS: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support is an acceptable option for patients with postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock who otherwise would die and is justified by good long-term.

Citations

120 citations in Web of Science®
139 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:07 Jan 2011 14:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:28
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-5223
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcvs.2009.10.043
PubMed ID:20106393

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations