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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-40246

Schoenauer, R; Emmert, M Y; Felley, A; Ehler, E; Brokopp, C E; Weber, B; Nemir, M; Faggian, G G; Pedrazzini, T; Falk, V; Hoerstrup, S P; Agarkova, I (2011). EH-myomesin splice isoform is a novel marker for dilated cardiomyopathy. Basic Research in Cardiology, 106(2):233-247.

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Abstract

The M-band is the prominent cytoskeletal structure that cross-links the myosin and titin filaments in the middle of the sarcomere. To investigate M-band alterations in heart disease, we analyzed the expression of its main components, proteins of the myomesin family, in mouse and human cardiomyopathy. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography and compared to the expression pattern of myomesins evaluated with RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunofluorescent analysis. Disease progression in transgenic mouse models for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) was accompanied by specific M-band alterations. The dominant splice isoform in the embryonic heart, EH-myomesin, was strongly up-regulated in the failing heart and correlated with a decrease in cardiac function (R = -0.86). In addition, we have analyzed the expressions of myomesins in human myocardial biopsies (N = 40) obtained from DCM patients, DCM patients supported by a left ventricular assist device (LVAD), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients and controls. Quantitative RT-PCR revealed that the EH-myomesin isoform was up-regulated 41-fold (P < 0.001) in the DCM patients compared to control patients. In DCM hearts supported by a LVAD and HCM hearts, the EH-myomesin expression was comparable to controls. Immunofluorescent analyses indicate that EH-myomesin was enhanced in a cell-specific manner, leading to a higher heterogeneity of the myocytes' cytoskeleton through the myocardial wall. We suggest that the up-regulation of EH-myomesin denotes an adaptive remodeling of the sarcomere cytoskeleton in the dilated heart and might serve as a marker for DCM in mouse and human myocardium.

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:07 Jan 2011 14:32
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 22:05
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0300-8428
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s00395-010-0131-2
PubMed ID:21069531
Citations:Web of Science®. Times Cited: 6
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Scopus®. Citation Count: 6

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