Sayi, A; Kohler, E; Toller, I M; Flavell, R A; Müller, W; Roers, A; Müller, A (2011). TLR-2-Activated B Cells Suppress Helicobacter-Induced Preneoplastic Gastric Immunopathology by Inducing T Regulatory-1 Cells. Journal of Immunology, 186(2):878-890.
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B cells regulate autoimmune pathologies and chronic inflammatory conditions such as autoimmune encephalomyelitis and inflammatory bowel disease. The potential counterregulatory role of B cells in balancing pathogen-specific immune responses and the associated immunopathology is less well understood owing to the lack of appropriate persistent infection models. In this paper, we show that B cells have the ability to negatively regulate adaptive immune responses to bacterial pathogens. Using mouse models of infection with Helicobacter felis, a close relative of the human gastrointestinal pathogen H. pylori, we found that B cells activated by Helicobacter TLR-2 ligands induce IL-10-producing CD4(+)CD25(+) T regulatory-1 (Tr-1)-like cells in vitro and in vivo. Tr-1 conversion depends on TCR signaling and a direct T-/B-interaction through CD40/CD40L and CD80/CD28. B cell-induced Tr-1 cells acquire suppressive activity in vitro and suppress excessive gastric Helicobacter-associated immunopathology in vivo. Adoptive cotransfer of MyD88-proficient B cells and Tr-1 cells restores a normal gastric mucosal architecture in MyD88(-/-) and IL-10(-/-) mice in a manner that depends on T cellular, but not B cellular, IL-10 production. Our findings describe a novel mechanism of B cell-dependent Tr-1 cell generation and function in a clinically relevant disease model. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the B cell/Tr-1 cell axis is essential for balancing the control of Helicobacter infection with the prevention of excessive Th1-driven gastric immunopathology, promoting gastric mucosal homeostasis on the one hand and facilitating Helicobacter persistence on the other.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
|Deposited On:||10 Jan 2011 16:35|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 17:12|
|Publisher:||American Association of Immunologists|
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