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HIV-specific differences in outcome of squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal: a multicentric cohort study of HIV-positive patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy


Oehler-Jänne, C; Huguet, F; Provencher, S; Seifert, Burkhardt; Negretti, L; Riener, M O; Bonet, M; Allal, A S; Ciernik, I F (2008). HIV-specific differences in outcome of squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal: a multicentric cohort study of HIV-positive patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 26(15):2550-2557.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To define clinical outcome after definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) of anal carcinoma in HIV-infected patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentric cohort comparison of 40 HIV-positive patients with HAART and 81 HIV-negative patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) or CRT was retrospectively performed. Local disease control (LC), relapse-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), toxicity, and prognostic factors were investigated. RESULTS: HIV-positive patients were younger (mean age, 48 v 62 years; P < .0005), predominantly male (93% v 25%; P < .0005), and with early-stage (P = .06) and large-cell histology (90% v 67%; P = .005) disease. RT or CRT resulted in complete response in 92% (HIV positive) and 96% (HIV negative) of cases. Five-year OS was 61% (95% CI, 44% to 78%) in HIV-positive and 65% (95% CI, 53% to 77%) in HIV-negative patients (median follow-up, 36 months). Five-year LC was 38% (95% CI, 5% to 71%) in HIV-positive and 87% (95% CI, 79% to 95%) in HIV-negative patients (P = .008) compromising CSS and sphincter preservation. Grade 3/4 acute skin (35% v 17% [HIV negative]; P = .04) and hematologic (33% v 12% [HIV negative]; P = .08) toxicity together approximated 50% in HIV-positive patients. RFS in HIV-positive patients was associated with RT dose (P = .08) and severe acute skin toxicity (P = .04). CONCLUSION: Long-term LC and acute toxicity represent major clinical challenges in HIV-positive patients with anal carcinoma. Even if fluoropyrimidine-based CRT is feasible and may result in similar response rates and OS as in HIV-negative patients, improved treatment strategies with better long-term outcome are warranted.

PURPOSE: To define clinical outcome after definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) of anal carcinoma in HIV-infected patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentric cohort comparison of 40 HIV-positive patients with HAART and 81 HIV-negative patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) or CRT was retrospectively performed. Local disease control (LC), relapse-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), toxicity, and prognostic factors were investigated. RESULTS: HIV-positive patients were younger (mean age, 48 v 62 years; P < .0005), predominantly male (93% v 25%; P < .0005), and with early-stage (P = .06) and large-cell histology (90% v 67%; P = .005) disease. RT or CRT resulted in complete response in 92% (HIV positive) and 96% (HIV negative) of cases. Five-year OS was 61% (95% CI, 44% to 78%) in HIV-positive and 65% (95% CI, 53% to 77%) in HIV-negative patients (median follow-up, 36 months). Five-year LC was 38% (95% CI, 5% to 71%) in HIV-positive and 87% (95% CI, 79% to 95%) in HIV-negative patients (P = .008) compromising CSS and sphincter preservation. Grade 3/4 acute skin (35% v 17% [HIV negative]; P = .04) and hematologic (33% v 12% [HIV negative]; P = .08) toxicity together approximated 50% in HIV-positive patients. RFS in HIV-positive patients was associated with RT dose (P = .08) and severe acute skin toxicity (P = .04). CONCLUSION: Long-term LC and acute toxicity represent major clinical challenges in HIV-positive patients with anal carcinoma. Even if fluoropyrimidine-based CRT is feasible and may result in similar response rates and OS as in HIV-negative patients, improved treatment strategies with better long-term outcome are warranted.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Radiation Oncology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:01 Oct 2008 13:05
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:29
Publisher:American Society of Clinical Oncology
ISSN:0732-183X
Publisher DOI:10.1200/JCO.2007.15.2348
PubMed ID:18427149
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4052

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