Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-40527
Casado, C; Colombo, S; Rauch, A; Martínez, R; Günthard, H F; Garcia, S; Rodríguez, C; Del Romero, J; Telenti, A; López-Galíndez, C (2010). Host and viral genetic correlates of clinical definitions of HIV-1 disease progression. PLoS ONE, 5(6):e11079.
BACKGROUND: Various patterns of HIV-1 disease progression are described in clinical practice and in research. There is a need to assess the specificity of commonly used definitions of long term non-progressor (LTNP) elite controllers (LTNP-EC), viremic controllers (LTNP-VC), and viremic non controllers (LTNP-NC), as well as of chronic progressors (P) and rapid progressors (RP).
METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We re-evaluated the HIV-1 clinical definitions, summarized in Table 1, using the information provided by a selected number of host genetic markers and viral factors. There is a continuous decrease of protective factors and an accumulation of risk factors from LTNP-EC to RP. Statistical differences in frequency of protective HLA-B alleles (p-0.01), HLA-C rs9264942 (p-0.06), and protective CCR5/CCR2 haplotypes (p-0.02) across groups, and the presence of viruses with an ancestral genotype in the "viral dating" (i.e., nucleotide sequences with low viral divergence from the most recent common ancestor) support the differences among principal clinical groups of HIV-1 infected individuals.
CONCLUSIONS: A combination of host genetic and viral factors supports current clinical definitions that discriminate among patterns of HIV-1 progression. The study also emphasizes the need to apply a standardized and accepted set of clinical definitions for the purpose of disease stratification and research.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||11 Jan 2011 19:40|
|Last Modified:||23 Nov 2012 14:32|
|Publisher:||Public Library of Science|
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