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Potential role for snail family transcription factors in the etiology of Crohn's disease-associated fistulae


Scharl, M; Weber, A; Fürst, Alois; Farkas, S; Jehle, E; Pesch, T; Kellermeier, S; Fried, M; Rogler, G (2011). Potential role for snail family transcription factors in the etiology of Crohn's disease-associated fistulae. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, 17(9):1907-1916.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Fistulae represent an important clinical complication of Crohn's disease (CD). The fistula tracts are covered by flat, myofibroblast-like cells with an epithelial origin (transitional cells, TC). We recently demonstrated a role of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the pathogenesis of CD-associated fistulae. EMT is associated with an increased migratory and invasive potential of epithelial cells in different tissues. Here we investigated whether cytokines or growth factors as well as EMT-associated SNAIL family transcription factors are expressed in CD fistulae. METHODS:: By immunohistochemistry we analyzed seven perianal fistulae from seven CD and two perianal fistulae from two non-inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) control patients. Hematoxylin and eosin staining or immunohistochemistry for the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), TNF-receptor I (TNF-RI), SNAIL1, SLUG, fibroblast growth factors (FGF) 1, 2, 4, 7, epidermal growth factor (EGF), and TWIST were performed using standard techniques. RESULTS:: Immunohistochemical staining of surgical specimens from CD patients revealed a strong expression of TNF and TNF-RI in and around fistula tracts. While SNAIL1 was also heavily expressed in the nuclei of TC, indicative of transcriptionally active protein, SLUG, FGF-1, and FGF-2 were detected rather in the fibrotic periphery of CD fistulae than in TC. In contrast, we did not detect considerable protein staining for FGF-4 and FGF-7 nor of EGF or the transcription factor, TWIST. CONCLUSIONS:: Our data demonstrate that SNAIL1 and TNF are strongly expressed in TC of CD-associated fistulae. These observations support our previous data and indicate the onset of EMT-associated events in the pathogenesis of CD fistulae. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2010;).

BACKGROUND:: Fistulae represent an important clinical complication of Crohn's disease (CD). The fistula tracts are covered by flat, myofibroblast-like cells with an epithelial origin (transitional cells, TC). We recently demonstrated a role of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the pathogenesis of CD-associated fistulae. EMT is associated with an increased migratory and invasive potential of epithelial cells in different tissues. Here we investigated whether cytokines or growth factors as well as EMT-associated SNAIL family transcription factors are expressed in CD fistulae. METHODS:: By immunohistochemistry we analyzed seven perianal fistulae from seven CD and two perianal fistulae from two non-inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) control patients. Hematoxylin and eosin staining or immunohistochemistry for the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), TNF-receptor I (TNF-RI), SNAIL1, SLUG, fibroblast growth factors (FGF) 1, 2, 4, 7, epidermal growth factor (EGF), and TWIST were performed using standard techniques. RESULTS:: Immunohistochemical staining of surgical specimens from CD patients revealed a strong expression of TNF and TNF-RI in and around fistula tracts. While SNAIL1 was also heavily expressed in the nuclei of TC, indicative of transcriptionally active protein, SLUG, FGF-1, and FGF-2 were detected rather in the fibrotic periphery of CD fistulae than in TC. In contrast, we did not detect considerable protein staining for FGF-4 and FGF-7 nor of EGF or the transcription factor, TWIST. CONCLUSIONS:: Our data demonstrate that SNAIL1 and TNF are strongly expressed in TC of CD-associated fistulae. These observations support our previous data and indicate the onset of EMT-associated events in the pathogenesis of CD fistulae. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2010;).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Surgical Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Oncology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:13 Jan 2011 19:03
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:30
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1078-0998
Publisher DOI:10.1002/ibd.21555
PubMed ID:21132790
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-40733

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