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Role of Nogo-A in neuronal survival in the reperfused ischemic brain


Kilic, E; ElAli, A; Kilic, U; Guo, Z; Ugur, M; Uslu, U; Bassetti, C L; Schwab, M E; Hermann, D M (2010). Role of Nogo-A in neuronal survival in the reperfused ischemic brain. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 30(5):969-984.

Abstract

Nogo-A is an oligodendroglial neurite outgrowth inhibitor, the deactivation of which enhances brain plasticity and functional recovery in animal models of stroke. Nogo-A's role in the reperfused brain tissue was still unknown. By using Nogo-A(-/-) mice and mice in which Nogo-A was blocked with a neutralizing antibody (11C7) that was infused into the lateral ventricle or striatum, we show that Nogo-A inhibition goes along with decreased neuronal survival and more protracted neurologic recovery, when deactivation is constitutive or induced 24 h before, but not after focal cerebral ischemia. We show that in the presence of Nogo-A, RhoA is activated and Rac1 and RhoB are deactivated, maintaining stress kinases p38/MAPK, SAPK/JNK1/2 and phosphatase-and-tensin homolog (PTEN) activities low. Nogo-A blockade leads to RhoA deactivation, thus overactivating Rac1 and RhoB, the former of which activates p38/MAPK and SAPK/JNK1/2 via direct interaction. RhoA and its effector Rho-associated coiled-coil protein kinase2 deactivation in turn stimulates PTEN, thus inhibiting Akt and ERK1/2, and initiating p53-dependent cell death. Our data suggest a novel role of Nogo-A in promoting neuronal survival by controlling Rac1/RhoA balance. Clinical trials should be aware of injurious effects of axonal growth-promoting therapies. Thus, Nogo-A antibodies should not be used in the very acute stroke phase.

Nogo-A is an oligodendroglial neurite outgrowth inhibitor, the deactivation of which enhances brain plasticity and functional recovery in animal models of stroke. Nogo-A's role in the reperfused brain tissue was still unknown. By using Nogo-A(-/-) mice and mice in which Nogo-A was blocked with a neutralizing antibody (11C7) that was infused into the lateral ventricle or striatum, we show that Nogo-A inhibition goes along with decreased neuronal survival and more protracted neurologic recovery, when deactivation is constitutive or induced 24 h before, but not after focal cerebral ischemia. We show that in the presence of Nogo-A, RhoA is activated and Rac1 and RhoB are deactivated, maintaining stress kinases p38/MAPK, SAPK/JNK1/2 and phosphatase-and-tensin homolog (PTEN) activities low. Nogo-A blockade leads to RhoA deactivation, thus overactivating Rac1 and RhoB, the former of which activates p38/MAPK and SAPK/JNK1/2 via direct interaction. RhoA and its effector Rho-associated coiled-coil protein kinase2 deactivation in turn stimulates PTEN, thus inhibiting Akt and ERK1/2, and initiating p53-dependent cell death. Our data suggest a novel role of Nogo-A in promoting neuronal survival by controlling Rac1/RhoA balance. Clinical trials should be aware of injurious effects of axonal growth-promoting therapies. Thus, Nogo-A antibodies should not be used in the very acute stroke phase.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2010
Deposited On:05 Jan 2011 07:54
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:31
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0271-678X
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/jcbfm.2009.268
PubMed ID:20087369
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-41177

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