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Value of additional myocardial perfusion imaging during dobutamine stress magnetic resonance for the assessment of intermediate coronary artery disease


Gebker, R; Frick, M; Jahnke, C; Berger, A; Schneeweis, C; Manka, R; Kelle, S; Klein, C; Schnackenburg, B; Fleck, E; Paetsch, I (2012). Value of additional myocardial perfusion imaging during dobutamine stress magnetic resonance for the assessment of intermediate coronary artery disease. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 28(1):89-97.

Abstract

This study was performed to assess the role of additional myocardial perfusion imaging during high dose dobutamine/atropine stress magnetic resonance (DSMR-wall motion) for the evaluation of patients with intermediate (50-70%) coronary artery stenosis. Routine DSMR-wall motion was combined with perfusion imaging (DSMR-perfusion) in 174 consecutive patients with chest pain syndromes who were scheduled for a clinically indicated coronary angiography. When defining CAD as the presence of a ≥ 50% stenosis, the addition of perfusion imaging improved sensitivity (90 vs. 79%, P < 0.001) with a non-significant reduction in specificity (85 vs. 90%, P = 0.13) and an improvement in overall diagnostic accuracy (88 vs. 84%, P = 0.008). Adding perfusion imaging improved sensitivity in patients with intermediate stenosis (87 vs. 72%, P = 0.03), but not in patients with severe (≥70%) stenosis (93 vs. 84%, P = 0.06). In patients with severe stenosis specificity of DSMR-perfusion versus DSMR-wall motion decreased (61 vs 70%, P = 0.001) resulting in a lower overall accuracy (71 vs 74%, P = 0.03). Using a cutoff of ≥50% for the definition of CAD, sensitivity of DSMR-perfusion compared to DSMR-wall motion was significantly higher in patients with single vessel (88 vs. 77%, P = 0.03) and multi vessel disease (93 vs. 79%, P = 0.03), whereas no significant differences were found using a cutoff of ≥70% stenosis for the definition of CAD. The addition of perfusion imaging during DSMR-wall motion improved the sensitivity in patients with intermediate coronary artery stenosis. Overall diagnostic accuracy increased only when defining CAD as ≥50% stenosis. In patients with ≥70% stenosis DSMR-wall motion alone had higher accuracy due to more false-positive cases with DSMR-perfusion.

This study was performed to assess the role of additional myocardial perfusion imaging during high dose dobutamine/atropine stress magnetic resonance (DSMR-wall motion) for the evaluation of patients with intermediate (50-70%) coronary artery stenosis. Routine DSMR-wall motion was combined with perfusion imaging (DSMR-perfusion) in 174 consecutive patients with chest pain syndromes who were scheduled for a clinically indicated coronary angiography. When defining CAD as the presence of a ≥ 50% stenosis, the addition of perfusion imaging improved sensitivity (90 vs. 79%, P < 0.001) with a non-significant reduction in specificity (85 vs. 90%, P = 0.13) and an improvement in overall diagnostic accuracy (88 vs. 84%, P = 0.008). Adding perfusion imaging improved sensitivity in patients with intermediate stenosis (87 vs. 72%, P = 0.03), but not in patients with severe (≥70%) stenosis (93 vs. 84%, P = 0.06). In patients with severe stenosis specificity of DSMR-perfusion versus DSMR-wall motion decreased (61 vs 70%, P = 0.001) resulting in a lower overall accuracy (71 vs 74%, P = 0.03). Using a cutoff of ≥50% for the definition of CAD, sensitivity of DSMR-perfusion compared to DSMR-wall motion was significantly higher in patients with single vessel (88 vs. 77%, P = 0.03) and multi vessel disease (93 vs. 79%, P = 0.03), whereas no significant differences were found using a cutoff of ≥70% stenosis for the definition of CAD. The addition of perfusion imaging during DSMR-wall motion improved the sensitivity in patients with intermediate coronary artery stenosis. Overall diagnostic accuracy increased only when defining CAD as ≥50% stenosis. In patients with ≥70% stenosis DSMR-wall motion alone had higher accuracy due to more false-positive cases with DSMR-perfusion.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Dewey Decimal Classification:170 Ethics
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:05 Jan 2011 08:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:32
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1569-5794
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s10554-010-9764-3
PubMed ID:21153708
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-41389

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