UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Serial monitoring of reverse left-atrial remodeling after pulmonary vein isolation in patients with atrial fibrillation: A magnetic resonance imaging study


Jahnke, C; Fischer, J; Gerds-Li, J H; Gebker, R; Manka, R; Fleck, E; Paetsch, I; Kriatselis, C (2011). Serial monitoring of reverse left-atrial remodeling after pulmonary vein isolation in patients with atrial fibrillation: A magnetic resonance imaging study. International Journal of Cardiology, 153(1):42-46.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To prospectively determine the impact of sinus rhythm restoration on left-atrial (LA) volumes and function assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging within the first year after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). METHODS: Forty-one patients (28 men; age: 57±10years) with paroxysmal or non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were studied serially using CMR at baseline and at 1-, 3-, 6- and 12-month intervals following PVI. LA diastolic and systolic volumes were determined by cine imaging with full gapless LA coverage applying Simpson's rule. Successful PVI was defined by a persisting sinus rhythm during the 12-month follow-up after a 3-month blanking period; patients with a relapse of atrial fibrillation after the blanking period were censored (4 patients at 6-month follow-up and additional 6 patients at 12-month follow-up). RESULTS: In all patients, LA diastolic and systolic volumes decreased significantly and progressively during the 12-month follow-up (p<0.001 and p=0.001, respectively). At baseline patients with successful PVI demonstrated a significantly smaller LA diastolic volume compared to patients with relapsed atrial fibrillation (p=0.009). During the 3-month blanking period, patients with successful PVI showed a significant decrease of LA diastolic and systolic volumes (p=0.026 and p=0.006, respectively) and a significant increase of LA ejection fraction (p=0.028); patients with subsequent relapse of atrial fibrillation, however, exhibited no significant change of LA diastolic and systolic volumes or LA ejection fraction. CONCLUSION: Restoration of sinus rhythm led to a significant and progressive decrease of left-atrial diastolic and systolic volumes during one year following pulmonary vein isolation.

PURPOSE: To prospectively determine the impact of sinus rhythm restoration on left-atrial (LA) volumes and function assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging within the first year after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). METHODS: Forty-one patients (28 men; age: 57±10years) with paroxysmal or non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were studied serially using CMR at baseline and at 1-, 3-, 6- and 12-month intervals following PVI. LA diastolic and systolic volumes were determined by cine imaging with full gapless LA coverage applying Simpson's rule. Successful PVI was defined by a persisting sinus rhythm during the 12-month follow-up after a 3-month blanking period; patients with a relapse of atrial fibrillation after the blanking period were censored (4 patients at 6-month follow-up and additional 6 patients at 12-month follow-up). RESULTS: In all patients, LA diastolic and systolic volumes decreased significantly and progressively during the 12-month follow-up (p<0.001 and p=0.001, respectively). At baseline patients with successful PVI demonstrated a significantly smaller LA diastolic volume compared to patients with relapsed atrial fibrillation (p=0.009). During the 3-month blanking period, patients with successful PVI showed a significant decrease of LA diastolic and systolic volumes (p=0.026 and p=0.006, respectively) and a significant increase of LA ejection fraction (p=0.028); patients with subsequent relapse of atrial fibrillation, however, exhibited no significant change of LA diastolic and systolic volumes or LA ejection fraction. CONCLUSION: Restoration of sinus rhythm led to a significant and progressive decrease of left-atrial diastolic and systolic volumes during one year following pulmonary vein isolation.

Citations

16 citations in Web of Science®
15 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 05 Jan 2011
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Dewey Decimal Classification:170 Ethics
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:05 Jan 2011 07:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:32
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-5273
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2010.08.034
PubMed ID:20828842
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-41395

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations