Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-41617
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BACKGROUND: In specific high-risk patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), a complete closure of an intracardiac defect/shunt is not possible for a variety of reasons. We report our experiences with an interventional approach for shunt-reduction using various modifications of a self-fabricated Amplatzer device in our institution.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with CHD having received an interventional partial shunt occlusion since 09/2005.
RESULTS: Five patients, mean age 18.6(3.4-66) years, mean weight 36.4(14-102) kg, have been treated. In three patients (3.4, 3.9, 66 years) with an atrial septal defect (ASD) and a restrictive left ventricle (LV) (n = 1) or pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) (n = 2), respectively, an Amplatzer Septal Occluder (ASO) with a predilated (n = 2) or a presutured (n = 1) central hole was implanted. After successful immediate volume release in all, the balloon-dilated holes closed spontaneously during mid-term follow-up, pulmonary artery (PA) pressure and LV function remained normal. Two patients (2.7 and 17 years) with a Fontan circulation and severe cyanosis (saturation ≤80%) due to a large fenestration and elevated PA pressures received a partial occlusion of their shunt by implanting a centrally stented ASO or Amplatzer Vascular plug. After a follow-up of 31 and 39 months both stents remained patent under oral anticoagulation, oxygen saturation remained >85% with PA pressures unchanged, and both patients were in good clinical conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with an ASD and significant PAH and/or restrictive LV physiology as well as in Fontan patients with a large surgically created fenestration but failing Fontan circulation, a partial closure with a self-fenestrated Amplatzer device can be a feasible and successful therapeutic option. Balloon-dilated fenestrations in the Amplatzer device tend to close spontaneously during follow-up. Nonresorbable sutures or stenting can ensure patency of the created holes.
© 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic|
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||22 Jan 2011 10:51|
|Last Modified:||23 Nov 2012 17:00|
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