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Früh, S; Knirsch, W; Dodge-Khatami, A; Dave, H; Prêtre, René; Kretschmar, O (2011). Comparison of surgical and interventional therapy of native and recurrent aortic coarctation regarding different age groups during childhood. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 39(6):898-904.

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Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze immediate results, rate of complications and re-interventions during medium-term outcome in pediatric patients with native or recurrent aortic coarctation. We focused on an age-related therapeutic approach comparing surgical and trans-catheter treatment. Methods: This is a retrospective, single-centre, clinical observational trial including 91 consecutive patients (age: 1 day-18 years) treated for native coarctation in 67 and recurrent aortic coarctation in 24 patients. Surgical treatment was performed in 56, trans-catheter treatment with balloon dilatation in 17, and by stent implantation in 18 patients. According to the age groups, we treated 48 children in group A (<6 months of age), 16 in group B (6 months-6 years), and 27 in group C (>6 years). A total of 41 patients in group A were operated (85%), patients in group B received either surgical or trans-catheter treatment (50% vs 50%), and 16 patients in group C were treated by stent implantation (62%). Results: Immediate results were excellent with a significant release of pressure gradient in all three age groups (64.7% in group A, 69.1% in group B, and 63.3% in group C). Complication rate and re-intervention rate (surgical and interventional) were both comparable between the three age groups (complications: group A 8.3%, group B 6.3%, and group C 3.7%; re-interventions: group A 16.6%, group B 18.8%, and group C 18.5%). Midterm outcome after a median follow-up period of 17.5 months was satisfactory with a re-intervention-free survival after 17.5 months of 83.4%, 81.2%, and 81.5% in group A, group B, and group C, respectively. Conclusions: The current strategy of an age-related therapy for native and recurrent aortic coarctation in our institution is surgery in infants <6 months (group A), either surgery or balloon dilatation in younger patients <6 years (group B), while in older children >6 years of age (group C) the trans-catheter treatment with stent implantation is an excellent alternative to surgery. Balloon dilatations showed limited results with an overall re-intervention rate of 53% and, therefore, should mainly be performed as a rescue procedure or in recurrent aortic coarctation in neonates.


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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:19 Jan 2011 15:14
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:36
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.ejcts.2010.09.048
Related URLs:http://ejcts.ctsnetjournals.org/ (Publisher)
PubMed ID:21169030

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