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Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cinacalcet in patients with hyperparathyroidism after renal transplantation


Serra, A L; Braun, S C; Starke, A; Savoca, R; Hersberger, M; Russmann, S; Corti, N; Wüthrich, R P (2008). Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of cinacalcet in patients with hyperparathyroidism after renal transplantation. American Journal of Transplantation, 8(4):803-810.

Abstract

Cinacalcet is a calcimimetic drug for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). In a sequential open-label study, ten patients with persistent HPT after renal transplantation received first 30 and then 60 mg oral cinacalcet once daily over 2 weeks each. Cinacalcet steady state oral clearance was 131.1 +/- 20.9 l/h and 92.8 +/- 9.5 l/h (mean +/- SE) after 30 and 60 mg, respectively. Cinacalcet and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations showed an inverse correlation and were fitted to a simple E(max) model (E(max) = 80% reduction vs. baseline, EC(50) = 13 ng/mL). A once daily administration of cinacalcet lowered serum calcium over 24 h without fluctuations. The 8-h fractional urinary excretion of calcium was increased after 60 mg cinacalcet (baseline 0.85 +/- 0.17%, 30 mg 1.53 +/- 0.35%, 60 mg 1.92 +/- 0.37%). Renal function remained stable. Cinacalcet pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics showed a pronounced interindividual variability. We conclude that the once daily administration of cinacalcet in patients with secondary HPT after renal transplantation effectively reduced iPTH and serum calcium. The transient calciuria could potentially favor nephrocalcinosis and reduce bone mineral density, suggesting that higher doses of cinacalcet need to be used with caution in renal transplant recipients with severe persistent hyperparathyroidism.

Cinacalcet is a calcimimetic drug for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). In a sequential open-label study, ten patients with persistent HPT after renal transplantation received first 30 and then 60 mg oral cinacalcet once daily over 2 weeks each. Cinacalcet steady state oral clearance was 131.1 +/- 20.9 l/h and 92.8 +/- 9.5 l/h (mean +/- SE) after 30 and 60 mg, respectively. Cinacalcet and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations showed an inverse correlation and were fitted to a simple E(max) model (E(max) = 80% reduction vs. baseline, EC(50) = 13 ng/mL). A once daily administration of cinacalcet lowered serum calcium over 24 h without fluctuations. The 8-h fractional urinary excretion of calcium was increased after 60 mg cinacalcet (baseline 0.85 +/- 0.17%, 30 mg 1.53 +/- 0.35%, 60 mg 1.92 +/- 0.37%). Renal function remained stable. Cinacalcet pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics showed a pronounced interindividual variability. We conclude that the once daily administration of cinacalcet in patients with secondary HPT after renal transplantation effectively reduced iPTH and serum calcium. The transient calciuria could potentially favor nephrocalcinosis and reduce bone mineral density, suggesting that higher doses of cinacalcet need to be used with caution in renal transplant recipients with severe persistent hyperparathyroidism.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:April 2008
Deposited On:07 Nov 2008 11:53
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:29
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1600-6135
Publisher DOI:10.1111/j.1600-6143.2007.02136.x
PubMed ID:18318784
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4285

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