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Mass spectrometry: a tool for enhanced detection of hemoglobin variants


Kleinert, P; Schmidt, M W I; Zurbriggen, K; Speer, O; Schmugge, M; Roschitzki, B; Durka, S S; Leopold, U; Kuster, T; Heizmann, C W; Frischknecht, H; Troxler, H (2008). Mass spectrometry: a tool for enhanced detection of hemoglobin variants. Clinical Chemistry, 54(1):69-76.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: More than 900 hemoglobin (Hb) variants are currently known. Common techniques used in Hb analysis are electrophoretic and chromatographic assays. In our laboratory, we routinely apply chromatographic methods. To ascertain whether Hb variants are missed with our procedures, we additionally analyzed all samples with mass spectrometry (MS). METHODS: Database evaluation was performed using all entries made in the Hb variant database HbVar, and possible Hb variants were calculated based on DNA variations. During a 5-year period, we analyzed 2105 lysates with cation-exchange HPLC (PolyCAT A column) and reversed-phase HPLC and additionally with electrospray ionization or MALDI-TOF MS. Globin chains were identified by their molecular masses. RESULTS: Database evaluation revealed that 43.2% of all possible Hbalpha- and beta-chain variants were found to date (considering only single-point mutations). Currently, 68.2% of the possible charge difference variants and only 28.7% of the neutral variants are found. Among 2105 Hb samples we identified 4 samples with Hb variants that were detected only with the MS method; 2 were new Hb variants (Hb Zurich-Hottingen and Hb Zurich-Langstrasse). With cation-exchange HPLC, 1 sample was found to be a beta-thalassemia and was identified by MS to be a beta-variant (Hb Malay). More common variants, such as Hb C, Hb D, and Hb E, and thalassemias could not be detected with the MS method. CONCLUSIONS: Application of MS improves the sensitivity of Hb analysis. The combination of MS with electrophoretic and chromatographic methods is optimal for the detection of Hb variants.

BACKGROUND: More than 900 hemoglobin (Hb) variants are currently known. Common techniques used in Hb analysis are electrophoretic and chromatographic assays. In our laboratory, we routinely apply chromatographic methods. To ascertain whether Hb variants are missed with our procedures, we additionally analyzed all samples with mass spectrometry (MS). METHODS: Database evaluation was performed using all entries made in the Hb variant database HbVar, and possible Hb variants were calculated based on DNA variations. During a 5-year period, we analyzed 2105 lysates with cation-exchange HPLC (PolyCAT A column) and reversed-phase HPLC and additionally with electrospray ionization or MALDI-TOF MS. Globin chains were identified by their molecular masses. RESULTS: Database evaluation revealed that 43.2% of all possible Hbalpha- and beta-chain variants were found to date (considering only single-point mutations). Currently, 68.2% of the possible charge difference variants and only 28.7% of the neutral variants are found. Among 2105 Hb samples we identified 4 samples with Hb variants that were detected only with the MS method; 2 were new Hb variants (Hb Zurich-Hottingen and Hb Zurich-Langstrasse). With cation-exchange HPLC, 1 sample was found to be a beta-thalassemia and was identified by MS to be a beta-variant (Hb Malay). More common variants, such as Hb C, Hb D, and Hb E, and thalassemias could not be detected with the MS method. CONCLUSIONS: Application of MS improves the sensitivity of Hb analysis. The combination of MS with electrophoretic and chromatographic methods is optimal for the detection of Hb variants.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
08 University Research Priority Programs > Systems Biology / Functional Genomics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:18 Nov 2008 14:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:30
Publisher:American Association for Clinical Chemistry
ISSN:0009-9147
Publisher DOI:10.1373/clinchem.2007.089961
PubMed ID:17932132
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4300

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