Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-4327
Horvath, G A; Stockler-Ipsiroglu, S G; Salvarinova-Zivkovic, R; Lillquist, Y P; Connolly, M; Hyland, K; Blau, N; Rupar, T; Waters, P J (2008). Autosomal recessive GTP cyclohydrolase I deficiency without hyperphenylalaninemia: Evidence of a phenotypic continuum between dominant and recessive forms. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 94(1):127-131.
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We describe a unique presentation of autosomal recessive (AR) GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH) deficiency, with severe CNS involvement but without hyperphenylalaninemia. A male infant presented with progressive spasticity, dystonia and oculogyric episodes. Blood phenylalanine levels were persistently normal: whereas an oral phenylalanine loading test revealed impaired phenylalanine clearance. CSF neopterin and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH(4)) were low, homovanillic acid marginally low and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid normal. Fibroblasts showed decreased GTPCH enzyme activity. A homozygous novel mutation of GCH1, p.V206A, was identified. On treatment (BH(4), L-Dopa/Carbidopa and 5-hydroxytryptophan), motor development improved. Mutational analysis provided neonatal diagnosis of a younger brother who, after 18 months on treatment, shows normal development. AR GTPCH I deficiency can present without hyperphenylalaninemia and with normal or subtle CSF neurotransmitter profiles. Testing for GTPCH deficiency should be considered for patients with unexplained neurological symptoms and extrapyramidal movement disorder.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||10 Nov 2008 15:24|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 22:52|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times cited: 11|
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